Glycolysis (WP2621)

Arabidopsis thaliana

This pathway describes Glycolysis reactions in A. thaliana. The metabolic links with Sucrose metabolism, starch metabolism, Calvin Cycle, TCA Cycle (Krebs Cycle) and Chloroplastic Amino Acid Biosynthesis are represented. Protein identifiers for A. thaliana are from UNIPROT. The pathway is inspired from information drawn for Plant Physiology (Taiz and Zeiger) Third Edition and KEGG Pathways.


Anwesha Bohler , Sacha Bohler , Egon Willighagen , Martina Summer-Kutmon , and Lars Willighagen


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Arabidopsis thaliana



Pathway Ontology

glycolysis pathway


Label Type Compact URI Comment
glycerate 1,3-bisphosphate Metabolite chebi:16001
glucose Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000122
fructose 1,6-bisphosphate Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0001058
glycerate 3-phosphate Metabolite chebi:58272
glycerate 2-phosphate Metabolite chebi:58289
NAD+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000902
PPi Metabolite chebi:35782
glucose 6-phosphate Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0001401
fructose 6-phosphate Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000124
NADH Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0001487
oxaloacetate Metabolite chebi:16452
phosphoenolpyruvate Metabolite kegg.compound:C00074
pyruvate Metabolite chebi:15361
malate Metabolite chebi:15595
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0001473
glyceraldahyde-3-phosphate Metabolite kegg.compound:C00118
ATP Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000538
ADP Metabolite chebi:16761
NAD+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000902
NADH Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0001487
ATP Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000538
ADP Metabolite chebi:16761
Pi Metabolite chebi:18367
ATP Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000538
ADP Metabolite chebi:16761
Pi Metabolite chebi:18367
ATP Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000538
NADPH Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000221
NADP+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000217
fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase Protein uniprot:P22197
phosphoglycerate kinase Protein uniprot:Q9SAJ4
glucose-6-phosphate isomerase Protein uniprot:P34795
triose phosphate isomerase Protein uniprot:P48491
hexokinase 2 Protein uniprot:P93834
PPi-dependent phosphofructokinase beta 1 Protein uniprot:Q8W4M5
PPi-dependent phosphofructokinase beta 2 Protein uniprot:F4JGR5
PPi-dependent phosphofructokinase alpha 1 Protein uniprot:Q9SYP2
PPi-dependent phosphofructokinase alpha 2 Protein uniprot:Q9C9K3
ATP-dependent phosphofructokinase 1 Protein uniprot:Q9M0F9
ATP-dependent phosphofructokinase 2 Protein uniprot:Q9FIK0
ATP-dependent phosphofructokinase 3 Protein uniprot:Q94AA4
ATP-dependent phosphofructokinase 6 Protein uniprot:Q9M076
ATP-dependent phosphofructokinase 7 Protein uniprot:Q9C5J7
glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 Protein uniprot:P25858
glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2 Protein uniprot:Q9FX54
phosphoglycerate mutase 1 Protein uniprot:O04499
phosphoglycerate mutase 2 Protein uniprot:Q9M9K1
enolase 2 Protein uniprot:P25696
enolase 3 Protein uniprot:Q9ZW34
phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 4 Protein uniprot:Q8GVE8
phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 2 Protein uniprot:Q5GM68
phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 1 Protein uniprot:Q9MAH0
phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 3 Protein uniprot:Q84VW9
malate dehydrogenase 2 Protein uniprot:P57106
malate dehydrogenase 1 Protein uniprot:P93819
malic enzyme 1 Protein uniprot:O82191
malic enzyme 2 Protein uniprot:Q9LYG3
malic enzyme 3 Protein uniprot:Q9XGZ0
pyruvate kinase Protein uniprot:Q9FFP6
pyruvate kinase Protein uniprot:Q9LU95
pyruvate kinase Protein uniprot:Q9FNN1
pyruvate kinase Protein uniprot:Q9SQQ7
pyruvate kinase Protein uniprot:Q9M044
pyruvate kinase Protein uniprot:Q9M057
pyruvate kinase Protein uniprot:Q9SJQ0
pyruvate kinase Protein uniprot:Q94KE3


  1. Plant Physiology [Internet]. Taiz L, Zeiger E. Sinauer Associates Incorporated; 2002. 690 p. Available from: OpenLibrary Worldcat
  2. Expression and evolutionary features of the hexokinase gene family in Arabidopsis. Karve A, Rauh BL, Xia X, Kandasamy M, Meagher RB, Sheen J, et al. Planta. 2008 Aug;228(3):411–25. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia