Aspartate biosynthesis (WP1518)

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

The first five steps of arginine biosynthesis in S. cerevisiae take place in the mitochondrion (CITS: [11553611])(CITS: [Hinnebusch]). This part of the pathway is known as the acetylated derivatives cycle because the acetyl group that is added to L-glutamate in the first step of the pathway is recycled via N-acetylglutamate generated in the fifth step. The enzymes that catalyze the second and third steps are encoded by a single gene (ARG5,6) that is translated into a pre-protein which is imported into mitochondria and cleaved there to yield two enzymes, N-acetylglutamate kinase and N-acetylglutamyl-phosphate reductase (CITS: [1649049]). These enzymes form a complex with each other and with N-acetylglutamate synthase, the first enzyme in the pathway, which may have implications for regulation of their activity (CITS: [11553611]). The mitochondrial steps of the arginine biosynthesis pathway result in the formation of ornithine, which is exported to the cytoplasm by the transporter Ort1p (CITS: [8798783]). In the cytoplasm, L-ornithine is converted to L-arginine in three reactions mediated by ornithine carbamoyltransferase, arginosuccinate synthase, and argininosuccinate lyase. Transcription of genes of the arginine biosynthetic pathway, as well as of other amino acid biosynthetic pathways, is activated by the transcription factor Gcn4p under conditions of amino acid starvation (CITS: [11390663])(CITS: [Hinnebusch]). Transcription of ARG1, ARG3, ARG5,6, and ARG8 is also repressed in the presence of arginine by the ArgR/Mcm1p complex, which consists of Arg80p, Arg81p, Arg82p, and Mcm1p (CITS: [14563547]). The transcriptional activator Gcn4p interacts with subunits of the ArgR/Mcm1p repressor, allowing for fine-tuning of transcriptional control in response to arginine availability (CITS: [15289616]). SOURCE: SGD pathways,


Kristina Hanspers , Martina Summer-Kutmon , and Eric Weitz


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Saccharomyces cerevisiae



Pathway Ontology

alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolic pathway


Label Type Compact URI Comment
L-aspartate Metabolite cas:56-84-8
oxaloacetic acid Metabolite chebi:30744
HCO3- Metabolite cas:71-52-3
pyruvate Metabolite chebi:15361
ATP Metabolite cas:1927-31-7
ADP Metabolite cas:58-64-0
phosphate Metabolite cas:14265-44-2
L-glutamate Metabolite cas:56-86-0
2-oxoglutarate Metabolite chebi:16810
PVC1 GeneProduct sgd:S000003030
AAT2 GeneProduct sgd:S000004017
AAT1 GeneProduct sgd:S000001589
PVC2 GeneProduct sgd:S000000422


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  2. Alanine : glyoxylate aminotransferase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae-encoding gene AGX1 and metabolic significance. Schlösser T, Gätgens C, Weber U, Stahmann KP. Yeast. 2004 Jan 15;21(1):63–73. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia