Ras Signaling (Homo sapiens)

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Scaffold21Cell-cell junctionsGrowth FactorsInactiveApoptosisCell-cycle arrestEndocytosisRRASCa2+GRIN1PIP3PLA2G16PLA2G4BGDPGRIN2AGRIN2BCa2+HTR7CSF1REGFREPHA2FGFR1FGFR3FGFR2FGFR4FLT1FLT3FLT4IGF1RINSRKDRKITMETNGFRNTRK1NTRK2PDGFRAPDGFRBTEKCALM1CALM2CALM3CALML3CALML4CALML5CALML6RASGRF1PRASGRF2PcAMPPRKACAPRKACBPRKACGGNB5GNB1GNB2GNB3GNG3GNG4GNG5GNG7GNG10GNG11GNGT1GNGT2GNG13GNG2GNG12GNB4GNG8PLCG1PLCG2DAGRASGRP1RASGRP2RASGRP3RASGRP4ZAP70LATIP3Ca2+GRB2SHC1SHC2SHC3SHC4GAB1GAB2PTPN11SOS1SOS2RRAS2MRASHRASKRASNRASGTPRRASRRAS2MRASHRASKRASNRASNF1RASA4BRASA4RASA3RASA1RASA2RASAL3RASAL1SYNGAP1RASAL2RASSF1RASSF5STK4STK4TIAM1RAC1RAC2RAC3PAK4BUB1B-PAK6PAK1PAK2PAK3PAK6PAK5RHOACytoskeleton organizationCell motilityAKT1AKT2AKT3CHUKIKBKBPPIKBKGNFKB1RELABADBCL2L1PFOXO4FASLGCell survival, growth, migrationCell cycle progressionTranscriptionAFDNSHOC2RAF1KSR1KSR2MAP2K1PPMAP2K2PPMAPK1PMAPK3PPPBRAPETS1ETS2ELK1Gene expressionPLA2G4EPLA2G4FPLA2G2DPLA2G4DPLA2G2EPLA2G2CPLA2G3PLA1APLA2G1BPLA2G2APLA2G4APLA2G5PLA2G2FPLA2G12APLA2G6PLA2G10PLA2G12BPLA2G4CJMJD7-PLA2G4BRAPGEF5RAP1ARAP1BRALGDSRGL1RGL2RALARALBMAPK8MAPK9MAPK10EXOC2TTBK1RELPLD1PLD2RALBP1RAC1RAC2RAC3CDC42Gene expressionPLCE1DAGPRKCAPRKCBPRKCGRIN1RALBP1ARF6RAC1Cell spreadingand migrationRAB5ARAB5BRAB5CABL1ABL2EndocytosisCytoskeletal remodelingIP3Ca2+ActivePIK3CAPIK3CBPIK3CDPIK3R1PIK3R2PIK3R3


Description

Ras proteins are small GTPases and are involved in transmitting signals within cells. In this way, Ras signaling controls many downstream processes, including cell proliferation, survival, growth, migration and differentiation.

Ras proteins exists in two states, inactive while bound to GDP and active while bound to GTP. The exchange of GTP for GDP on RAS proteins is regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs). Activated RAS regulates cellular functions through a set of effector molecules, including Raf, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and Ral guanine nucleotide-dissociation stimulator (RALGDS).

Mutations in Ras genes can lead to the production of permanently activated Ras proteins. Because these signals result in cell growth and division, overactive Ras signaling can ultimately lead to cancer. The 3 Ras genes in humans (HRas, KRas, and NRas) are the most common oncogenes in human cancer; mutations that permanently activate Ras are found in 20% to 25% of all human tumors and up to 90% in certain types of cancer.

This pathway is part the CPTAC Assay Portal.

Quality Tags

Ontology Terms

 

Bibliography

  1. Reuther GW, Der CJ; ''The Ras branch of small GTPases: Ras family members don't fall far from the tree.''; Curr Opin Cell Biol, 2000 PubMed Europe PMC
  2. ''KEGG Ras Signaling Pathway''; https://www.kegg.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?pathway+hsa04014,

History

View all...
CompareRevisionActionTimeUserComment
105681view23:24, 12 August 2019KhanspersModified description
105675view21:57, 12 August 2019Khanspersupdated layout
105441view04:53, 8 August 2019KhanspersModified description
105368view15:05, 5 August 2019DeSlUpdating last title field to show reference to Kegg PW correctly.
105367view15:00, 5 August 2019DeSlUpdating PW ref to see title.
105366view14:58, 5 August 2019DeSlAdded lit. ref for Ras -> RalGDS stimulation.
105343view00:32, 2 August 2019KhanspersAdded KEGG reference
105342view00:31, 2 August 2019KhanspersModified description
105341view00:14, 2 August 2019Khanspersnew layout
105340view23:52, 1 August 2019Khanspersupdated layout - work in progress
96928view17:53, 20 April 2018Khanspersremoved duplicated node
96927view17:21, 20 April 2018Khanspersrefined layout and added phosphosites
96441view08:03, 15 March 2018EgonwReplaced secondary ChEBI identifiers with primary identifiers.
96363view22:23, 9 March 2018KhanspersModified description
96274view17:30, 4 March 2018KhanspersOntology Term : 'growth factor signaling pathway' added !
96273view17:29, 4 March 2018KhanspersOntology Term : 'Ras superfamily mediated signaling pathway' added !
96238view06:54, 2 March 2018KhanspersModified description
96237view06:52, 2 March 2018KhanspersModified description
96236view06:51, 2 March 2018KhanspersNew pathway

External references

DataNodes

View all...
NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
ABL1GeneProductENSG00000097007 (Ensembl)
ABL2GeneProductENSG00000143322 (Ensembl)
AFDNGeneProduct4301 (Entrez Gene)
AKT1GeneProductENSG00000142208 (Ensembl)
AKT2GeneProductENSG00000105221 (Ensembl)
AKT3GeneProductENSG00000117020 (Ensembl)
ARF6GeneProductENSG00000165527 (Ensembl)
BADGeneProductENSG00000002330 (Ensembl)
BCL2L1GeneProductENSG00000171552 (Ensembl)
BRAPGeneProductENSG00000089234 (Ensembl)
BUB1B-PAK6GeneProductENSG00000259288 (Ensembl)
CALM1GeneProductENSG00000198668 (Ensembl)
CALM2GeneProductENSG00000143933 (Ensembl)
CALM3GeneProductENSG00000160014 (Ensembl)
CALML3GeneProductENSG00000178363 (Ensembl)
CALML4GeneProductENSG00000129007 (Ensembl)
CALML5GeneProductENSG00000178372 (Ensembl)
CALML6GeneProductENSG00000169885 (Ensembl)
CDC42GeneProductENSG00000070831 (Ensembl)
CHUKGeneProductENSG00000213341 (Ensembl)
CSF1RGeneProductENSG00000182578 (Ensembl)
Ca2+MetaboliteCHEBI:29108 (ChEBI)
DAGMetaboliteCHEBI:18035 (ChEBI)
EGFRGeneProductENSG00000146648 (Ensembl)
ELK1GeneProductENSG00000126767 (Ensembl)
EPHA2GeneProductENSG00000142627 (Ensembl)
ETS1GeneProductENSG00000134954 (Ensembl)
ETS2GeneProductENSG00000157557 (Ensembl)
EXOC2GeneProductENSG00000112685 (Ensembl)
FASLGGeneProductENSG00000117560 (Ensembl)
FGFR1GeneProductENSG00000077782 (Ensembl)
FGFR2GeneProductENSG00000066468 (Ensembl)
FGFR3GeneProductENSG00000068078 (Ensembl)
FGFR4GeneProductENSG00000160867 (Ensembl)
FLT1GeneProductENSG00000102755 (Ensembl)
FLT3GeneProductENSG00000122025 (Ensembl)
FLT4GeneProductENSG00000037280 (Ensembl)
FOXO4GeneProductENSG00000184481 (Ensembl)
GAB1GeneProductENSG00000109458 (Ensembl)
GAB2GeneProductENSG00000033327 (Ensembl)
GDPMetaboliteCHEBI:17552 (ChEBI)
GNB1GeneProductENSG00000078369 (Ensembl)
GNB2GeneProductENSG00000172354 (Ensembl)
GNB3GeneProductENSG00000111664 (Ensembl)
GNB4GeneProductENSG00000114450 (Ensembl)
GNB5GeneProductENSG00000069966 (Ensembl)
GNG10GeneProductENSG00000242616 (Ensembl)
GNG11GeneProductENSG00000127920 (Ensembl)
GNG12GeneProductENSG00000172380 (Ensembl)
GNG13GeneProductENSG00000127588 (Ensembl)
GNG2GeneProductENSG00000186469 (Ensembl)
GNG3GeneProductENSG00000162188 (Ensembl)
GNG4GeneProductENSG00000168243 (Ensembl)
GNG5GeneProductENSG00000174021 (Ensembl)
GNG7GeneProductENSG00000176533 (Ensembl)
GNG8GeneProductENSG00000167414 (Ensembl)
GNGT1GeneProductENSG00000127928 (Ensembl)
GNGT2GeneProductENSG00000167083 (Ensembl)
GRB2GeneProductENSG00000177885 (Ensembl)
GRIN1GeneProductENSG00000176884 (Ensembl)
GRIN2AGeneProductENSG00000183454 (Ensembl)
GRIN2BGeneProductENSG00000273079 (Ensembl)
GTPMetaboliteCHEBI:15996 (ChEBI)
HRASGeneProductENSG00000174775 (Ensembl)
HTR7GeneProductENSG00000148680 (Ensembl)
IGF1RGeneProductENSG00000140443 (Ensembl)
IKBKBGeneProductENSG00000104365 (Ensembl)
IKBKGGeneProductENSG00000269335 (Ensembl)
INSRGeneProductENSG00000171105 (Ensembl)
IP3MetaboliteCHEBI:16595 (ChEBI)
JMJD7-PLA2G4BGeneProductENSG00000168970 (Ensembl)
KDRGeneProductENSG00000128052 (Ensembl)
KITGeneProductENSG00000157404 (Ensembl)
KRASGeneProductENSG00000133703 (Ensembl)
KSR1GeneProductENSG00000141068 (Ensembl)
KSR2GeneProductENSG00000171435 (Ensembl)
LATGeneProduct27040 (Entrez Gene)
MAP2K1GeneProductENSG00000169032 (Ensembl)
MAP2K2GeneProductENSG00000126934 (Ensembl)
MAPK10GeneProductENSG00000109339 (Ensembl)
MAPK1GeneProductENSG00000100030 (Ensembl)
MAPK3GeneProductENSG00000102882 (Ensembl)
MAPK8GeneProductENSG00000107643 (Ensembl)
MAPK9GeneProductENSG00000050748 (Ensembl)
METGeneProduct4233 (Entrez Gene)
MRASGeneProductENSG00000158186 (Ensembl)
NF1GeneProduct4763 (Entrez Gene)
NFKB1GeneProductENSG00000109320 (Ensembl)
NGFRGeneProductENSG00000064300 (Ensembl)
NRASGeneProductENSG00000213281 (Ensembl)
NTRK1GeneProductENSG00000198400 (Ensembl)
NTRK2GeneProductENSG00000148053 (Ensembl)
PAK1GeneProductENSG00000149269 (Ensembl)
PAK2GeneProductENSG00000180370 (Ensembl)
PAK3GeneProductENSG00000077264 (Ensembl)
PAK4GeneProductENSG00000130669 (Ensembl)
PAK5GeneProductENSG00000101349 (Ensembl)
PAK6GeneProductENSG00000137843 (Ensembl)
PDGFRAGeneProductENSG00000134853 (Ensembl)
PDGFRBGeneProductENSG00000113721 (Ensembl)
PIK3CAGeneProductENSG00000121879 (Ensembl)
PIK3CBGeneProductENSG00000051382 (Ensembl)
PIK3CDGeneProductENSG00000171608 (Ensembl)
PIK3R1GeneProductENSG00000145675 (Ensembl)
PIK3R2GeneProductENSG00000105647 (Ensembl)
PIK3R3GeneProductENSG00000117461 (Ensembl)
PIP3MetaboliteCHEBI:16618 (ChEBI)
PLA1AGeneProductENSG00000144837 (Ensembl)
PLA2G10GeneProductENSG00000069764 (Ensembl)
PLA2G12AGeneProductENSG00000123739 (Ensembl)
PLA2G12BGeneProductENSG00000138308 (Ensembl)
PLA2G16GeneProductENSG00000176485 (Ensembl)
PLA2G1BGeneProductENSG00000170890 (Ensembl)
PLA2G2AGeneProductENSG00000188257 (Ensembl)
PLA2G2CGeneProductENSG00000187980 (Ensembl)
PLA2G2DGeneProductENSG00000117215 (Ensembl)
PLA2G2EGeneProductENSG00000188784 (Ensembl)
PLA2G2FGeneProductENSG00000158786 (Ensembl)
PLA2G3GeneProductENSG00000100078 (Ensembl)
PLA2G4AGeneProductENSG00000116711 (Ensembl)
PLA2G4BGeneProductENSG00000243708 (Ensembl)
PLA2G4CGeneProductENSG00000105499 (Ensembl)
PLA2G4DGeneProductENSG00000159337 (Ensembl)
PLA2G4EGeneProductENSG00000188089 (Ensembl)
PLA2G4FGeneProductENSG00000168907 (Ensembl)
PLA2G5GeneProductENSG00000127472 (Ensembl)
PLA2G6GeneProductENSG00000184381 (Ensembl)
PLCE1GeneProductENSG00000138193 (Ensembl)
PLCG1GeneProductENSG00000124181 (Ensembl)
PLCG2GeneProductENSG00000197943 (Ensembl)
PLD1GeneProductENSG00000075651 (Ensembl)
PLD2GeneProductENSG00000129219 (Ensembl)
PRKACAGeneProductENSG00000072062 (Ensembl)
PRKACBGeneProductENSG00000142875 (Ensembl)
PRKACGGeneProductENSG00000165059 (Ensembl)
PRKCAGeneProductENSG00000154229 (Ensembl)
PRKCBGeneProductENSG00000166501 (Ensembl)
PRKCGGeneProductENSG00000126583 (Ensembl)
PTPN11GeneProductENSG00000179295 (Ensembl)
RAB5AGeneProductENSG00000144566 (Ensembl)
RAB5BGeneProductENSG00000111540 (Ensembl)
RAB5CGeneProductENSG00000108774 (Ensembl)
RAC1GeneProductENSG00000136238 (Ensembl)
RAC2GeneProductENSG00000128340 (Ensembl)
RAC3GeneProductENSG00000169750 (Ensembl)
RAF1GeneProductENSG00000132155 (Ensembl)
RALAGeneProductENSG00000006451 (Ensembl)
RALBGeneProductENSG00000144118 (Ensembl)
RALBP1GeneProductENSG00000017797 (Ensembl)
RALGDSGeneProductENSG00000160271 (Ensembl)
RAP1AGeneProductENSG00000116473 (Ensembl)
RAP1BGeneProductENSG00000127314 (Ensembl)
RAPGEF5GeneProductENSG00000136237 (Ensembl)
RASA1GeneProductENSG00000145715 (Ensembl)
RASA2GeneProductENSG00000155903 (Ensembl)
RASA3GeneProductENSG00000185989 (Ensembl)
RASA4BGeneProductENSG00000170667 (Ensembl)
RASA4GeneProductENSG00000105808 (Ensembl)
RASAL1GeneProductENSG00000111344 (Ensembl)
RASAL2GeneProductENSG00000075391 (Ensembl)
RASAL3GeneProductENSG00000105122 (Ensembl)
RASGRF1GeneProductENSG00000058335 (Ensembl)
RASGRF2GeneProductENSG00000113319 (Ensembl)
RASGRP1GeneProductENSG00000172575 (Ensembl)
RASGRP2GeneProductENSG00000068831 (Ensembl)
RASGRP3GeneProductENSG00000152689 (Ensembl)
RASGRP4GeneProductENSG00000171777 (Ensembl)
RASSF1GeneProductENSG00000068028 (Ensembl)
RASSF5GeneProductENSG00000266094 (Ensembl)
RELGeneProduct5966 (Entrez Gene)
RELAGeneProduct5970 (Entrez Gene)
RGL1GeneProductENSG00000143344 (Ensembl)
RGL2GeneProductENSG00000237441 (Ensembl)
RHOAGeneProductENSG00000067560 (Ensembl)
RIN1GeneProductENSG00000174791 (Ensembl)
RRAS2GeneProductENSG00000133818 (Ensembl)
RRASGeneProductENSG00000126458 (Ensembl)
SHC1GeneProductENSG00000160691 (Ensembl)
SHC2GeneProductENSG00000129946 (Ensembl)
SHC3GeneProductENSG00000148082 (Ensembl)
SHC4GeneProductENSG00000185634 (Ensembl)
SHOC2GeneProductENSG00000108061 (Ensembl)
SOS1GeneProductENSG00000115904 (Ensembl)
SOS2GeneProductENSG00000100485 (Ensembl)
STK4GeneProductENSG00000101109 (Ensembl)
SYNGAP1GeneProductENSG00000197283 (Ensembl)
TEKGeneProductENSG00000120156 (Ensembl)
TIAM1GeneProductENSG00000156299 (Ensembl)
TTBK1GeneProductENSG00000146216 (Ensembl)
ZAP70GeneProductENSG00000115085 (Ensembl)
cAMPMetaboliteCHEBI:17489 (ChEBI)

Annotated Interactions

No annotated interactions

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