Benzene metabolism (Homo sapiens)

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1NonenzymaticrearrangementS-Phenylmercapturic acidPhenolCYP2E1HydroquinoneBenzene oxidep-benzoquinoneCYP2E1NQO1Benzene diol epoxideMicrosomal Epoxide Hydrolase1,2-BenzoquinoneBenzene dihydrodiolGlutathione S-transferaseCatecholDihydrodioldehydrogenaseMPOBenzeneOxepineNQO1MPO


Description

This pathway describes the metabolism of benzene. It is metabolised in the liver and forms several metabolites that can be toxic to the human body. Some of the metabolites are very volatile and can be found in blood and exhaled breath.

Quality Tags

Ontology Terms

 

Bibliography

  1. Rappaport SM, Kim S, Lan Q, Vermeulen R, Waidyanatha S, Zhang L, Li G, Yin S, Hayes RB, Rothman N, Smith MT; ''Evidence that humans metabolize benzene via two pathways.''; Environ Health Perspect, 2009 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia

History

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CompareRevisionActionTimeUserComment
106161view12:05, 16 August 2019MaintBotHMDB identifier normalization
97681view13:56, 1 June 2018AMTanOntology Term : 'hepatocyte' added !
94538view07:01, 21 September 2017EgonwRemoved a redundant newline.
89359view13:30, 7 September 2016Riannefijtenadded identifier vor microsomal epoxide hydrolase
89346view09:52, 6 September 2016RiannefijtenModified description
89345view09:52, 6 September 2016RiannefijtenModified description
89344view04:35, 6 September 2016EgonwUsed mim-conversion and annotated the catalysis with a mim approach too.
89339view03:16, 5 September 2016EgonwOntology Term : 'classic metabolic pathway' added !
89338view03:16, 5 September 2016EgonwOntology Term : 'phase I biotransformation pathway via cytochrome P450' added !
89313view13:15, 1 September 2016RiannefijtenNew pathway

External references

DataNodes

View all...
NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
1,2-BenzoquinoneMetaboliteHMDB0012133 (HMDB)
Benzene dihydrodiolMetabolite418 (PubChem-compound)
Benzene diol epoxideMetabolite
Benzene oxideMetabolite104944 (PubChem-compound)
BenzeneMetaboliteHMDB0001505 (HMDB)
CYP2E1GeneProductENSG00000130649 (Ensembl)
CatecholMetabolite289 (PubChem-compound)
Dihydrodiol dehydrogenaseProtein27294 (Entrez Gene)
Glutathione S-transferaseGeneProduct2944 (Entrez Gene)
HydroquinoneMetaboliteHMDB0002434 (HMDB)
MPOGeneProduct4353 (Entrez Gene)
Microsomal Epoxide HydrolaseGeneProduct2052 (Entrez Gene)
NQO1GeneProductENSG00000181019 (Ensembl)
OxepineMetabolite6451477 (PubChem-compound)
PhenolMetaboliteHMDB0000228 (HMDB)
S-Phenylmercapturic acidMetaboliteHMDB0042011 (HMDB)
p-benzoquinoneMetabolite4650 (PubChem-compound)

Annotated Interactions

No annotated interactions

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