Focal Adhesion-PI3K-Akt-mTOR-signaling pathway (Mus musculus)

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1-17-pCytokineRNuclear to Cytoplasm TranslocationCytokineIntegrin alpha (ITGA)Integrin beta (ITGB)+pECM-Receptor Interactions+pPIP3VEGF Siganling/AngiogenesisPtenPtk2Itgb1Lamc3Grb2ItgalAkt1ChadItgb2ItgamLOC235580Lama1Col5a2Lamb1-1Pik3ip1Pik3cbIl2rgItga8PrlrCsf3Jak2Sos1GhrCol5a1Itga6Col4a2TnrItga4Itga5Lamb2Il7rPik3r1OsmrItga10NOThbs1Il2raPik3caItgaxTsc1Itgb8GhItgaeEpoFn1Lamc1Il3raDdit4Lama2Col4a6Lamb3Ifna11Pik3r4VwfJak1Lama4IbspIfnar2Itga9PeloThbs3CompCsf3rItgb7Thbs4ItgadItga11Itgb6Il6raThbs2Lama3Col1a2Il4raAkt3InsulinItgb5Spp1Ifnar1TncItga2Itga2bLamc2Col5a3Col2a1Tsc2TnxbItgb3Jak3Lama5Col11a2Col4a4Col1a1RelnIfna1ItgavCol11a1Itga3Pik3r2Col6a2Stk11Itga7Il2rbTnnItgb4Col4a1Col3a1Ifna2Pik3cdVtnAkt2EporPik3r5Efna1FgfFgf11Fgf10Efna2EgfFgf12Csf1Angpt4Angpt2Angpt1VegfaEfna3Efna4Efna5Fgf14Fgf13Fgf15Fgf17Fgf18Fgf2Fgf3Fgf4Fgf6Fgf7Fgf8Fgf9FigfHgfIfg1Ins1Ins2KitlKik1b4Kik1b4VegfcVegfbPdgfbPgfPdgfaNgfPdgfcFgf21Fgf23Fgf22PdgfdFgf20Fgf16Growth FactorFgfr2KdrInsrFgfr3Igf1rKitFgfr1Epha2EgfrCsf1rFgfr4Flt1Flt4NgfrMetPdgfraPdgfrbTekRTKAkt1s1Ifna4Ifna5Ifna6Ifna7Ifna9IfnabIfnb1Il2OsmPrlIfna13Gm12597Ifna12Ifna14MAPK Signaling PathwayChrm1Lpar1F2rChrm2Lpar5Lpar2Lpar3Lpar6Lpar4GPCRGm15776Gnb2Gnb1Gm5741Gnb4Gngt1Gng10Gng12Gnb3GByGng2Gng3Gng4Gng5Gng7Gng8Gngt2Gng13Gng11Pik3cgNrasKrasHrasChemokines, Homones, NeurotransmittersPI3K (class IA)PI3K (class IB)HypoxiaEnergy StressStradaCab39Cab39lPrkaaPrkaa2Mlst8RhebMtorRptorAMPKmTORHif1aUlk1Crtc2Cdc37Hsp90ab1Phllp1Tcl1Pdk1Gm2436Ppp2cbPpp2caGm2446Ppp2r5dPpp2r5bPpp2r2bPpp2r1bPpp2r3dPpp2r3aPpp2r5cPpp2r5ePpp2r2cPpp2r1aPpp2r2dppp2r5aPpp2r3cHsp90aa1Hsp90b1Phlpp2Mtcp1Tcl1b1Tcl1b4PP2ARaf1Mapk2k2Map2k1Mapk1Mapk3Gsk3bFoxo3Foxo1IkbkbBadCasp9Mdm2IkbkgCdkn1bCdkn1aAtf2Creb3Creb1Atf4Creb3l2Creb3l3Atf6bCreb3l1Creb3l4Creb5Nos3AMP/ATP or ADP/ATPMetforminAICAR+p+p+p+p+p+pTbc1d1Rab8aRab2aRab10Rab11bRab14Slc2a4Slc2a1Slc2a3Slc2a2GLUTPpargc1aDNAGys1Gys2Pfkfb2Pfkfb1Pfkfb3Pfkfb4LipeSrebf1HmgcrAcacaCell SurvivalCell CycleAutophagyCell Growth & Protein SynethesisFatty Acid BiosynthesisCholesterol synthesisGlycogen synthesisGlycolysis/GluconeogenesisCell ProliferationAngiogenesisDNA repairGlycolysis/GluconeogenesisLypolysisElavl1Nos1Nos2+p+p+p-p+p+p+p+p+p+p+p+p+p-p+p+p+p+p+p+pREDD1RabJAKTCL1PHLPPCREBULKPFKHif2aHif3aRps6kb2Eif4ebp1Eif4bRps6kb1Rps6Eif4eEif4e2Eif4e1bPik3c2bPik3c2aPik3c2gPI3K (class II)Irs1Irs4Irs3Irs2InsrIns1Ins2


Cell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the cell-extracellular matrix contact points, specialized structures are formed and termed focal adhesions, where bundles of actin filaments are anchored to transmembrane receptors of the integrin family through a multi-molecular complex of junctional plaque proteins. Some of the constituents of focal adhesions participate in the structural link between membrane receptors and the actin cytoskeleton, while others are signalling molecules, including different protein kinases and phosphatases, their substrates, and various adapter proteins. Integrin signaling is dependent upon the non-receptor tyrosine kinase activities of the FAK and src proteins as well as the adaptor protein functions of FAK, src and Shc to initiate downstream signaling events. These signalling events culminate in reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton; a prerequisite for changes in cell shape and motility, and gene expression. Similar morphological alterations and modulation of gene expression are initiated by the binding of growth factors to their respective receptors, emphasizing the considerable crosstalk between adhesion- and growth factor-mediated signalling.

Source: KEGG

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94308view11:43, 1 September 2017Marvin M2Changed membrane lines into graphical lines
94215view21:49, 25 August 2017DeSlAdded IDs for insulin and NO
89989view19:07, 6 October 2016Mkutmonfixed unconnected lines
89334view10:20, 4 September 2016ZganReverted to version '10:08, 4 September 2016' by Zgan
89333view10:20, 4 September 2016ZganAdd the link of NO, insulin to PI3K
89332view10:08, 4 September 2016ZganPeriodical save, work in progress
82880view12:16, 11 November 2015JmeliusCorrect outdated id
80939view23:54, 30 June 2015Zgancorrection
80222view17:22, 26 May 2015Zgancuration of insulin signaling
79834view09:44, 17 April 2015EgonwReplaced a gene name with its Entrez Gene identifier.
79327view11:17, 21 March 2015EgonwRemoved a linkout the Entrez Gene that doesn't exist.
79326view11:02, 21 March 2015EgonwFixed the character encoding of a few authors in the reference list.
79303view19:12, 20 March 2015ZganModified title
78867view19:15, 9 February 2015Khanspersremoved old genmapp comments
78817view05:17, 1 February 2015Zganrelation added
78816view05:15, 1 February 2015ZganPI3K class II integrated
78815view05:12, 1 February 2015ZganSpecify description
78814view05:10, 1 February 2015ZganModified title
78421view10:26, 7 January 2015MaintBotadded missing graphIds
77383view21:44, 2 September 2014Zgandetails added
77382view21:36, 2 September 2014ZganOntology Term : 'phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathway' added !
77381view21:35, 2 September 2014ZganOntology Term : 'signaling pathway' added !
77360view00:59, 28 August 2014Zgancorrection
77349view19:08, 26 August 2014KhanspersOntology Term : 'mTOR signaling pathway' added !
77313view22:15, 14 August 2014ZganNew pathway

External references


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NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
AcacaGeneProduct107476 (Entrez Gene)
Akt1GeneProduct11651 (Entrez Gene)
Akt1s1GeneProduct67605 (Entrez Gene) SOS1; son of sevenless homolog 1 (Drosophila)
Akt2GeneProduct11652 (Entrez Gene)
Akt3GeneProduct23797 (Entrez Gene)