Vitamin D-sensitive calcium signaling in depression (Homo sapiens)

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ER1RXRinflammatory cytokinesCalcium pump2xRXR typesHyperpolarizationPMCA isoformsOpenInsP3R typesNMDA receptor subunitsdemethylasesDepressionHepatocyteNeuronSkinSunlightRXRGRXRBRXRAATP2B4GGTATP2B3ITPR3G6PDKDM1BGSRGPXCHRM1KDM3AGCLCTPH2GRIN2BKDM6BGRIN2DITPR1CalbindinATP2B2Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphatePVALBKetamineGRIN2CVitamin D pathwayTPH1GRIN1KDM1AITPR2ATP2B1CYP27A1GRM5GRIN2ADiacylglycerolglutamateInsP3RVDREPLCAcetylcholineKCNQ2PIP2VDRH2O2KCNQ3SLC8A1Na+superoxide25(OH)D3Vitamin D3K+BCL2Ca2+LITHIUM IONVitamin D3NMDA receptor7-DehydrocholesterolCYP27B11,25-(OH)2D3VDR target genesCalbindinNFE2L2CACNA1CPMCAAntioxidant genesARECa2+Ca2+SLC8A1PMCACa2+KCNQ2KCNQ3ShutDepolarizationM-currentCACNA1CVDRNFE2L2Ca2+2x


Description

Depression has been linked to (lack of) sunlight exposure and raised intracellular calcium levels. In this pathway, the role of the vitamin D pathway in calcium signaling in depression is shown. Active 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol by multiple conversion steps. It associates with RXR and VDR in the nucleus, which stimulates transcription of VDR target genes, resulting in lower intracellular calcium levels. Less sunlight exposure results in lower 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 levels and therefore higher calcium levels.

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Ontology Terms

 

Bibliography

  1. Xuan Qin, Xin Wang; ''Role of vitamin D receptor in the regulation of CYP3A gene expression''; Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B, 2019
  2. Berridge MJ; ''Vitamin D and Depression: Cellular and Regulatory Mechanisms.''; Pharmacol Rev, 2017 PubMed Europe PMC

History

View all...
CompareRevisionActionTimeUserComment
107972view13:34, 18 November 2019Fehrhartchanged connections to grahpical lines
107718view09:14, 31 October 2019Leonievdvenchanged label into correct metabolites
107717view09:10, 31 October 2019LeonievdvenConnected lines to nodes
107487view14:26, 14 October 2019LeonievdvenChanged visual elements, added complexes
107441view12:12, 8 October 2019LeonievdvenAdded groups/complexes and changed labels into properly annotated genes
107319view11:04, 23 September 2019EgonwInsP3R is a metabolite
106811view13:29, 17 September 2019MaintBotHMDB identifier normalization
106613view07:38, 12 September 2019LeonievdvenChanged secondary ChEBI identifiers to primary identifiers
106611view12:43, 11 September 2019Marvin M2Ontology Term : 'mental depression' added !
106610view12:38, 11 September 2019Marvin M2Ontology Term : 'altered calcium/calcium-mediated signaling pathway' added !
106565view15:06, 6 September 2019LeonievdvenModified description
106564view15:05, 6 September 2019LeonievdvenModified title
106563view15:04, 6 September 2019LeonievdvenModified description
106562view15:02, 6 September 2019LeonievdvenNew pathway

External references

DataNodes

View all...
NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
1,25-(OH)2D3MetaboliteHMDB0000876 (HMDB)
25(OH)D3 MetaboliteHMDB0003550 (HMDB)
7-DehydrocholesterolMetaboliteCHEBI:3658 (ChEBI)
ARE
ATP2B1GeneProductENSG00000070961 (Ensembl)
ATP2B2GeneProductENSG00000157087 (Ensembl)
ATP2B3GeneProductENSG00000067842 (Ensembl)
ATP2B4GeneProductENSG00000058668 (Ensembl)
AcetylcholineMetaboliteCHEBI:2416 (ChEBI)
Antioxidant genesGeneProduct
BCL2GeneProductENSG00000171791 (Ensembl)
CACNA1CGeneProductENSG00000151067 (Ensembl)
CHRM1GeneProductENSG00000168539 (Ensembl)
CYP27A1GeneProductENSG00000135929 (Ensembl)
CYP27B1GeneProductENSG00000111012 (Ensembl)
Ca2+MetaboliteCHEBI:3308 (ChEBI)
CalbindinProteinP05937 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
DiacylglycerolMetaboliteCHEBI:4481 (ChEBI)
G6PDGeneProductENSG00000160211 (Ensembl)
GCLCGeneProductENSG00000001084 (Ensembl)
GGTProtein
GPXProteinA0A087WT12 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
GRIN1GeneProductENSG00000176884 (Ensembl)
GRIN2AGeneProductGRIN2A (HGNC)
GRIN2BGeneProductENSG00000273079 (Ensembl)
GRIN2CGeneProductGRIN2C (HGNC)
GRIN2DGeneProductENSG00000105464 (Ensembl)
GRM5GeneProductENSG00000168959 (Ensembl) Type your comment here
GSRGeneProductENSG00000104687 (Ensembl)
H2O2MetaboliteCHEBI:16240 (ChEBI)
ITPR1GeneProductENSG00000150995 (Ensembl)
ITPR2GeneProductENSG00000123104 (Ensembl)
ITPR3GeneProductENSG00000096433 (Ensembl)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphateMetaboliteHMDB01498 (HMDB)
InsP3RGeneProductCHEBI:16595 (ChEBI)
K+MetaboliteCHEBI:8345 (ChEBI)
KCNQ2GeneProductENSG00000075043 (Ensembl)
KCNQ3GeneProductENSG00000184156 (Ensembl)
KDM1AGeneProductENSG00000004487 (Ensembl)
KDM1BGeneProductENSG00000165097 (Ensembl)
KDM3AGeneProductENSG00000115548 (Ensembl)
KDM6BGeneProductENSG00000132510 (Ensembl)
KetamineMetaboliteHMDB15352 (HMDB)
LITHIUM IONMetaboliteCHEBI:49711 (ChEBI)
NFE2L2GeneProductENSG00000116044 (Ensembl)
NMDA receptorGeneProduct
Na+MetaboliteCHEBI:9175 (ChEBI)
PIP2MetaboliteCHEBI:18348 (ChEBI)
PLCGeneProduct
PMCAComplex
PVALBGeneProductENSG00000100362 (Ensembl)
RXRAGeneProductENSG00000186350 (Ensembl)
RXRBGeneProductENSG00000204231 (Ensembl)
RXRGGeneProductENSG00000143171 (Ensembl)
SLC8A1GeneProductENSG00000183023 (Ensembl)
TPH1GeneProductENSG00000129167 (Ensembl)
TPH2GeneProductENSG00000139287 (Ensembl)
VDR target genesGeneProduct
VDRE
VDRGeneProductENSG00000111424 (Ensembl)
Vitamin D pathwayPathwayWP2877 (WikiPathways)
Vitamin D3MetaboliteCHEBI:10008 (ChEBI)
Vitamin D3MetaboliteHMDB0000876 (HMDB)
glutamateMetaboliteCHEBI:14321 (ChEBI)
superoxideMetaboliteCHEBI:18421 (ChEBI)

Annotated Interactions

No annotated interactions

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