Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (Homo sapiens)

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1-4, 8-11ER StressCxIInsulin ResistanceCOX4I1CDC42JNK1NDUFB2COX3PPARANDUFS5RAC1NDUFA9TNFERN1UQCRHPIK3CAIRS1CxIIL1ACOX5BITCHNFKB1COX5ANDUFB6MLXInsulin SignalingPIK3CBDDIT3NDUFB10NDUFAB1CASP7NDUFA10AKT2BIDselonsertibPPAR SignalingNDUFA8UQCR11IL1BNDUFA4SREBF1COX7A2LNDUFB9RXRACOX7B2CYP2E1NDUFV1NDUFB3ATF4COX8CNDUFA6SDHDJNK2ApoptosisCOX8AEIF2AK3PRKAG1PRKAG2PIK3CDUQCRBMLXIPTRAF2PIK3R3COX6CUQCRHLFXRNDUFA1NDUFS3CASP3UQCRC2SDHATGF SignalingNDUFB4IL6PRKAA1PKLRNDUFB11TGFB1INSRIL6RCOX7BBAK1oxysterolsFatty Acid BiosynthesisCOX6A1NDUFC2-KCTD14AKT1ADIPOR2COX7A1PRKAB2MAP3K11CASP8mir21CYCSINSNDUFA13NDUFS7NDUFC1CYC1NDUFA12Oxidative PhosphorylationPRKAB1NDUFA3NDUFA11AKT3UQCRFS1FASNR1H3PRKAG3COX6A2RELALEPCOX1NDUFB5COX2ADIPOQADIPOR1LEPRJUNIKBKBCYTBTNF SignalingCEBPANDUFB8MLXIPLTNFR1NDUFV3NDUFA2ROSGSK3ACOX6B1COX6B2MAP3K5NDUFS8NDUFB7SOCS3NDUFS1SDHBNDUFC2PIK3R1NDUFA7COX4I2NDUFB1NDUFV2PIK3R2PRKAA2PI3K-AKT SignalingGSK3BUQCR10FASLGXBP1fatty acidsUQCRC1EIF2S1BBC3NDUFS4NDUFS6NDUFA5COX7CD-glucoseNDUFS2SDHCIRS2CXCL8UQCRQBAXCOX7A2Lipogenic EnzymesNDUFA4L2567PHepatocyteIL6CxIICxIIICxIVCxIICxIIICxIVIL1ATNFTNFFASLGGlucose UptakeFatty Acid OxidationDevelopment of NAFLDDevelopment of SteatoheptisisHepatocyte InjuryMitochondriadysfunctionIL1BBIMTCA CycleCCL2VCAM1NASHFibrogenesisSMAD7


Description

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a condition in which too much fat is stored in the liver. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a type of NAFLD marked by liver inflammation, which may progress to scarring and irreversible damage similar to that caused by heavy alcohol use. Components of glucose matabolism, insulin signaling, inflammation, oxidative stress, ER sgtress and apoptosis are all involved and interconnected in the progression of this disease.

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Bibliography

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  1. Larter CZ, Farrell GC; ''Insulin resistance, adiponectin, cytokines in NASH: Which is the best target to treat?''; J Hepatol, 2006 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  2. Seki E, Brenner DA, Karin M; ''A liver full of JNK: signaling in regulation of cell function and disease pathogenesis, and clinical approaches.''; Gastroenterology, 2012 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  3. Mantena SK, King AL, Andringa KK, Eccleston HB, Bailey SM; ''Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of alcohol- and obesity-induced fatty liver diseases.''; Free Radic Biol Med, 2008 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  4. Feldstein AE, Canbay A, Angulo P, Taniai M, Burgart LJ, Lindor KD, Gores GJ; ''Hepatocyte apoptosis and fas expression are prominent features of human nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.''; Gastroenterology, 2003 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  5. Armstrong LE, Guo GL; ''Role of FXR in Liver Inflammation during Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis.''; Curr Pharmacol Rep, 2017 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  6. Loomba R, Lawitz E, Mantry PS, Jayakumar S, Caldwell SH, Arnold H, Diehl AM, Djedjos CS, Han L, Myers RP, Subramanian GM, McHutchison JG, Goodman ZD, Afdhal NH, Charlton MR; ''Selonsertib (GS-4997), an ASK1 inhibitor, antagonizes multidrug resistance in ABCB1- and ABCG2-overexpressing cancer cells.''; Cancer Lett, 2018 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  7. Dattaroy D, Pourhoseini S, Das S, Alhasson F, Seth RK, Nagarkatti M, Michelotti GA, Diehl AM, Chatterjee S; ''Micro-RNA 21 inhibition of SMAD7 enhances fibrogenesis via leptin-mediated NADPH oxidase in experimental and human nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.''; Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol, 2015 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  8. Malaguarnera M, Di Rosa M, Nicoletti F, Malaguarnera L; ''Molecular mechanisms involved in NAFLD progression.''; J Mol Med (Berl), 2009 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  9. Hotamisligil GS; ''Endoplasmic reticulum stress and the inflammatory basis of metabolic disease.''; Cell, 2010 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  10. Farrell GC, van Rooyen D, Gan L, Chitturi S; ''NASH is an Inflammatory Disorder: Pathogenic, Prognostic and Therapeutic Implications.''; Gut Liver, 2012 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  11. Malhi H, Kaufman RJ; ''Endoplasmic reticulum stress in liver disease.''; J Hepatol, 2011 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia

History

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CompareRevisionActionTimeUserComment
98945view17:56, 16 October 2018AlexanderPicoOntology Term : 'liver disease pathway' added !
98944view17:55, 16 October 2018AlexanderPicoOntology Term : 'disease pathway' added !
98943view17:55, 16 October 2018AlexanderPicoOntology Term : 'nonalcoholic fatty liver disease' added !
98942view17:55, 16 October 2018AlexanderPicoOntology Term : 'hepatocyte' added !
98933view10:52, 16 October 2018EgonwReplaced a secondary ChEBI identifier.
98932view10:50, 16 October 2018EgonwRemoved funny chars in identifier.
98931view06:46, 16 October 2018AlexanderPicoModified description
98930view06:35, 16 October 2018AlexanderPicofixed paste characters in IDs
98929view06:31, 16 October 2018AlexanderPiconew pathway
98917view18:21, 15 October 2018AlexanderPicoNew pathway

External references

DataNodes

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NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
ADIPOQGeneProduct9370 (Entrez Gene)
ADIPOR1GeneProduct51094 (Entrez Gene)
ADIPOR2GeneProduct79602 (Entrez Gene)
AKT1GeneProduct207 (Entrez Gene)
AKT2GeneProduct208 (Entrez Gene)
AKT3GeneProduct10000 (Entrez Gene)
ATF4GeneProduct468 (Entrez Gene)
ApoptosisPathwayWP254 (WikiPathways)
BAK1GeneProduct578 (Entrez Gene)
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BBC3GeneProduct27113 (Entrez Gene)
BIDGeneProduct637 (Entrez Gene)
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CASP3GeneProduct836 (Entrez Gene)
CASP7GeneProduct840 (Entrez Gene)
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CDC42GeneProduct998 (Entrez Gene)
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COX1GeneProduct4512 (Entrez Gene)
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COX5AGeneProduct9377 (Entrez Gene)
COX5BGeneProduct1329 (Entrez Gene)
COX6A1GeneProduct1337 (Entrez Gene)
COX6A2GeneProduct1339 (Entrez Gene)
COX6B1GeneProduct1340 (Entrez Gene)
COX6B2GeneProduct125965 (Entrez Gene)
COX6CGeneProduct1345 (Entrez Gene)
COX7A1GeneProduct1346 (Entrez Gene)
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COX7A2LGeneProduct9167 (Entrez Gene)
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COX7B2GeneProduct170712 (Entrez Gene)
COX7CGeneProduct1350 (Entrez Gene)
COX8AGeneProduct1351 (Entrez Gene)
COX8CGeneProduct341947 (Entrez Gene)
CXCL8GeneProduct3576 (Entrez Gene)
CYC1GeneProduct1537 (Entrez Gene)
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CxIGeneProduct
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CxIVGeneProduct
D-glucoseMetaboliteCHEBI:42758 (ChEBI)
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FXRGeneProduct9971 (Entrez Gene)
Fatty Acid BiosynthesisPathwayWP357 (WikiPathways)
GSK3AGeneProduct2931 (Entrez Gene)
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Insulin SignalingPathwayWP481 (WikiPathways)
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Lipogenic EnzymesGeneProduct
MAP3K11GeneProduct4296 (Entrez Gene)
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NDUFA10GeneProduct4705 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFA11GeneProduct126328 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFA12GeneProduct55967 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFA13GeneProduct51079 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFA1GeneProduct4694 (Entrez Gene)
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NDUFA4L2GeneProduct56901 (Entrez Gene)
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NDUFA6GeneProduct4700 (Entrez Gene)
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NDUFB9GeneProduct4715 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFC1GeneProduct4717 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFC2-KCTD14GeneProduct100532726 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFC2GeneProduct4718 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFS1GeneProduct4719 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFS2GeneProduct4720 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFS3GeneProduct4722 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFS4GeneProduct4724 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFS5GeneProduct4725 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFS6GeneProduct4726 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFS7GeneProduct374291 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFS8GeneProduct4728 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFV1GeneProduct4723 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFV2GeneProduct4729 (Entrez Gene)
NDUFV3GeneProduct4731 (Entrez Gene)
NFKB1GeneProduct4790 (Entrez Gene)
NR1H3GeneProduct10062 (Entrez Gene)
Oxidative PhosphorylationPathwayWP623 (WikiPathways)
PI3K-AKT SignalingPathwayWP3844 (WikiPathways)
PIK3CAGeneProduct5290 (Entrez Gene)
PIK3CBGeneProduct5291 (Entrez Gene)
PIK3CDGeneProduct5293 (Entrez Gene)
PIK3R1GeneProduct5295 (Entrez Gene)
PIK3R2GeneProduct5296 (Entrez Gene)
PIK3R3GeneProduct8503 (Entrez Gene)
PKLRGeneProduct5313 (Entrez Gene)
PPAR SignalingPathwayWP3942 (WikiPathways)
PPARAGeneProduct5465 (Entrez Gene)
PRKAA1GeneProduct5562 (Entrez Gene)
PRKAA2GeneProduct5563 (Entrez Gene)
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PRKAB2GeneProduct5565 (Entrez Gene)
PRKAG1GeneProduct5571 (Entrez Gene)
PRKAG2GeneProduct51422 (Entrez Gene)
PRKAG3GeneProduct53632 (Entrez Gene)
RAC1GeneProduct5879 (Entrez Gene)
RELAGeneProduct5970 (Entrez Gene)
ROSMetaboliteCHEBI:26523 (ChEBI)
RXRAGeneProduct6256 (Entrez Gene)
SDHAGeneProduct6389 (Entrez Gene)
SDHBGeneProduct6390 (Entrez Gene)
SDHCGeneProduct6391 (Entrez Gene)
SDHDGeneProduct6392 (Entrez Gene)
SMAD7GeneProduct4092 (Entrez Gene)
SOCS3GeneProduct9021 (Entrez Gene)
SREBF1GeneProduct6720 (Entrez Gene)
TCA CyclePathwayWP78 (WikiPathways)
TGF SignalingPathwayWP560 (WikiPathways)
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TNF SignalingPathwayWP231 (WikiPathways)
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UQCRHLGeneProduct440567 (Entrez Gene)
UQCRQGeneProduct27089 (Entrez Gene)
VCAM1GeneProduct7412 (Entrez Gene)
XBP1GeneProduct7494 (Entrez Gene)
fatty acidsMetaboliteCHEBI:35366 (ChEBI)
mir21Rna406991 (Entrez Gene)
oxysterolsMetaboliteCHEBI:53030 (ChEBI)
selonsertibMetaboliteQ27088777 (Wikidata)

Annotated Interactions

No annotated interactions

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