Genetic Interactions Between Sugar and Hormone Signaling (Arabidopsis thaliana)

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1, 2AtHXK1 IndependentStressVegetative Stress ResponseSeed DevelopmentABA2EIN5/7Abscisic acidEIN2MKK9ABI4MPK3GlucoseTriple ResponseABI5ABI2Cotyledon Greening and ExpansionGIN6 / ABI4EthyleneETR1EIN3ABI3MPK6GerminationABA3Metaboilsm Dependent PathwayFloweringShoot DevelopmentGIN4 / CTR1CytokininABI5GIN2 / HXK1AuxinABI1EIN6EIN2EIN3ETO1ABF3ABF4ABA1AAO3ABI3ABI4ABI5ABF2ABF2


The pathway initiated by GLC activates the AtHXK1/GIN2 complex and can also interact with a AtHXK1 independent pathway. The AtHXK1/GIN2 complex functions to activate ABA2/ABA3 protein complex, also regulated by stress, to catalyze production of abscisic acid, a compound that both directly and indirectly promotes seed development, but inhibits germination, cotyledon greening, expansion, shoot development, and flowering (plant development). The AtHXK1/GIN2 complex also activates auxin to inhibit the plant development processes and represses cytokinin as well as the ethylene signaling pathway to stop promotion of plant growth. This pathway is based on figure 5 from Rolland et al and figure 3 from Ramon et al.

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Ontology Terms



  1. Ramon M, Rolland F, Sheen J; ''Sugar sensing and signaling.''; Arabidopsis Book, 2008 PubMed Europe PMC
  2. Rolland F, Moore B, Sheen J; ''Sugar sensing and signaling in plants.''; Plant Cell, 2002 PubMed Europe PMC


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105908view11:40, 16 August 2019MkutmonHMDB identifier normalization
90174view23:21, 20 October 2016KhanspersModified description
90085view06:10, 13 October 2016KhanspersModified title
90084view06:08, 13 October 2016Khanspersoverhaul
88617view01:41, 12 August 2016AAR&CoModified description
88616view01:40, 12 August 2016AAR&CoAdded Interactions from related source
88615view01:38, 12 August 2016AAR&CoPeriodical save, work in progress
88544view01:15, 11 August 2016AAR&CoOntology Term : 'glucose homeostasis pathway' added !
88542view01:13, 11 August 2016AAR&CoFixed Complex
88541view01:10, 11 August 2016AAR&CoFixed metabolite
88540view01:05, 11 August 2016AAR&CoPeriodical save, work in progress
88539view01:04, 11 August 2016AAR&CoFixed Pathways
88538view00:55, 11 August 2016AAR&CoPeriodical save, work in progress
88536view00:49, 11 August 2016AAR&CoSpecify description
88534view00:44, 11 August 2016AAR&CoPeriodical save, work in progress
85942view18:57, 21 June 2016AAR&CoSpecify description
85936view18:48, 21 June 2016AAR&CoAdjust Interactions
85930view18:27, 21 June 2016AAR&CoModified description
85833view18:55, 16 June 2016AAR&CoModified description
85832view18:55, 16 June 2016AAR&CoModified description
85831view18:54, 16 June 2016AAR&CoModified description
85830view18:42, 16 June 2016AAR&CoAdded Interaction
85829view17:12, 16 June 2016AAR&CoAdded Citation
85828view17:10, 16 June 2016AAR&CoNew pathway

External references


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NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
AAO3GeneProductAT2G27150 (Ensembl)
ABA1GeneProduct836838 (Entrez Gene)
ABA2GeneProductAT1G52340 (Ensembl)
ABA3GeneProductAT1G16540 (Ensembl)
ABF2GeneProduct820002 (Entrez Gene)
ABF2GeneProductAT1G45249 (Ensembl)
ABF3GeneProductAT4G34000 (Ensembl)
ABF4GeneProductAT3G19290 (Ensembl)
ABI1GeneProductAT4G26080 (Ensembl)
ABI2GeneProductAT5G57050 (Ensembl)
ABI3GeneProductAT3G24650 (Ensembl)
ABI4GeneProductAT2G40220 (Ensembl)
ABI5GeneProductAT2G36270 (Ensembl)
Abscisic acidMetaboliteHMDB36093 (HMDB)
AuxinMetaboliteHMDB38483 (HMDB) Auxin Not Specified
Cotyledon Greening and ExpansionPathwayIdentifier Not Found
CytokininMetaboliteHMDB39238 (HMDB) Cytokinin Not Specified
EIN2GeneProductAT5G03280 (Ensembl)
EIN3GeneProductAT3G20770 (Ensembl)
EIN5/7GeneProductQ9FQ04 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
EIN6GeneProductIdentifier Not Found
ETO1GeneProductAT3G51770 (Ensembl)
ETR1GeneProductAT1G66340 (Ensembl)
EthyleneMetaboliteHMDB29594 (HMDB)
FloweringPathwayWP2312 (WikiPathways)
GIN2 / HXK1GeneProductQ42525 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
GIN4 / CTR1GeneProductAT5G03730 (Ensembl)
GIN6 / ABI4GeneProductAT2G40220 (Ensembl)
GerminationPathwayIdentifier Not Found
GlucoseMetaboliteHMDB00122 (HMDB)
MKK9GeneProductQ9FX43 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
MPK3GeneProductQ39023 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
MPK6GeneProductQ39026 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
Metaboilsm Dependent PathwayPathwayIdentifier Not Found
Seed DevelopmentPathwayWP2279 (WikiPathways)
Shoot DevelopmentPathwayWP2945 (WikiPathways)
Triple ResponsePathwayIdentifier Not Found
Vegetative Stress ResponsePathwayIdentifier Not Found

Annotated Interactions

No annotated interactions

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