Flowering Time Pathway (Beta vulgaris)

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LegendPromotionTo be integrated: Pathway NameFloweringInhibitionBvBBX19BvBFT1BvFL1BvCOL1BvCOL2BvFT1BvCEN1BvPRR7BvMFT1BvFT2Gibberellic AcidBTC1BvCOL3BvGA20OX1511222331224, 6VernalizationPhotoperiodno direct interaction provenShoot Elongation,Bolting


Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris L.) belongs to the plant family Amaranthaceae and is a biennial plant responding to long days after a cold period. It is, however, cultivated as an annual crop, since the sucrose stored in the thickened taproot during the first vegetation period is used for bolting and flowering in the second growing season in response to vernalization thus reducing sugar yield. Much less is known on flowering time regulation in sugar beet than in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. One major gene involved in bolting/flowering time control in sugar beet is BTC1, controlling expression of the two beet FT homologs, of which one (BvFT1) has become a floral repressor, whereas the other (BvFT2) has retained its flowering-promoting function.

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  1. Vogt SH, Weyens G, Lefèbvre M, Bork B, Schechert A, Müller AE; ''The FLC-like gene BvFL1 is not a major regulator of vernalization response in biennial beets.''; Front Plant Sci, 2014 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  2. Chia TY, Müller A, Jung C, Mutasa-Göttgens ES; ''Sugar beet contains a large CONSTANS-LIKE gene family including a CO homologue that is independent of the early-bolting (B) gene locus.''; J Exp Bot, 2008 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  3. Pin PA, Zhang W, Vogt SH, Dally N, Büttner B, Schulze-Buxloh G, Jelly NS, Chia TY, Mutasa-Göttgens ES, Dohm JC, Himmelbauer H, Weisshaar B, Kraus J, Gielen JJ, Lommel M, Weyens G, Wahl B, Schechert A, Nilsson O, Jung C, Kraft T, Müller AE; ''The role of a pseudo-response regulator gene in life cycle adaptation and domestication of beet.''; Curr Biol, 2012 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  4. Dally N, Xiao K, Holtgräwe D, Jung C; ''The B2 flowering time locus of beet encodes a zinc finger transcription factor.''; Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2014 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  5. Reeves PA, He Y, Schmitz RJ, Amasino RM, Panella LW, Richards CM; ''Evolutionary conservation of the FLOWERING LOCUS C-mediated vernalization response: evidence from the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris).''; Genetics, 2007 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  6. Pin PA, Benlloch R, Bonnet D, Wremerth-Weich E, Kraft T, Gielen JJ, Nilsson O; ''''; , PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  7. Abou-Elwafa SF, Büttner B, Chia T, Schulze-Buxloh G, Hohmann U, Mutasa-Göttgens E, Jung C, Müller AE; ''Conservation and divergence of autonomous pathway genes in the flowering regulatory network of Beta vulgaris.''; J Exp Bot, 2011 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia


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104966view13:44, 27 June 2019Fehrhartinteractions in legend to graphical line
87503view01:47, 25 July 2016AlexanderPicoOntology Term : 'signaling pathway' added !
87325view11:13, 21 July 2016MaintBotadded missing graphids
82810view14:55, 4 November 2015Mbluemeladded genes: BvLD, BvLDL1; added pathway for biennials and vernalized biennials, integrated BvBBX19 according to Dally et al. 2014
82782view16:16, 3 November 2015Mbluemeladded genes to be integrated: BvTOL1, BvPRR9, PvPRR7, BvPRR5, BvTOC1, BvLHY, BvGI, BvZTL, BvCDF1,-2, BvFLK
82769view16:33, 2 November 2015Mbluemelupdated identifiers according to available genome sequence, added BvBBX19, updated literature
82728view22:03, 23 October 2015MaintBotchaging Rectangle to RoundedRectangle to resolve pvjs errors
81136view14:03, 27 July 2015MbluemelModified description
72943view22:17, 17 December 2013MaintBotConnected interactions to datanodes and labels
72942view22:13, 17 December 2013MaintBotAnother datanode fixed
72941view22:12, 17 December 2013MaintBotFixed spurious datanodes
72940view22:07, 17 December 2013MaintBotNew pathway

External references


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NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
BTC1GeneProductgycn.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_1?name=0604.scaffold01179:7327..17611
BvBBX19GeneProductrwmw.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_1/?name=Bvchr9.sca026%3A149266..156604
BvBFT1GeneProductquoj.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_2/?name=Bv3_066330_quoj.t1
BvCEN1GeneProductoprx.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_2/?name=Bvchr7.sca021%3A9823967..9825811
BvCOL1GeneProducttwprt.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_1/?name=Bvchr2.sca001%3A5605376..5607877
BvCOL2GeneProductiqrn.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_1/?name=Bvchr2_un.sca002%3A250009..252388
BvCOL3GeneProductjnrj.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_2/?name=Bvchr6.sca028%3A276749..281233
BvFL1GeneProductjqqr.t1 (Other)
  • http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_1/?name=Bvchr6.sca027%3A2790241..2794535
  • 3 splice variants
BvFT1GeneProductmiuf.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_1/?name=Bvchr9.sca025%3A4036754..4042619
BvFT2GeneProducteewx.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_1/?name=Bvchr4.sca001%3A3732249..3736670
BvGA20OX1GeneProductzmmm.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_2/?name=0326.scaffold00811%3A54237..56901
BvMFT1GeneProductouaf.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_2/?name=Bv8_181350_ouaf.t1
BvPRR7GeneProductdhrx.t1 (Other) http://bvseq.molgen.mpg.de/gb2/gbrowse/RefBeet1_1/?name=0138.scaffold00418%3A210463..221240
Gibberellic AcidPathway

Annotated Interactions

No annotated interactions

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