Aspartate Biosynthesis (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)

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L-aspartateoxaloacetic acid1, 2pyruvatePVC2PVC1AAT2HCO3-AAT1ATPADPphosphateL-glutamate2-oxoglutarate


The first five steps of arginine biosynthesis in S. cerevisiae take place in the mitochondrion (CITS: [11553611])(CITS: [Hinnebusch]). This part of the pathway is known as the acetylated derivatives cycle because the acetyl group that is added to L-glutamate in the first step of the pathway is recycled via N-acetylglutamate generated in the fifth step. The enzymes that catalyze the second and third steps are encoded by a single gene (ARG5,6) that is translated into a pre-protein which is imported into mitochondria and cleaved there to yield two enzymes, N-acetylglutamate kinase and N-acetylglutamyl-phosphate reductase (CITS: [1649049]). These enzymes form a complex with each other and with N-acetylglutamate synthase, the first enzyme in the pathway, which may have implications for regulation of their activity (CITS: [11553611]). The mitochondrial steps of the arginine biosynthesis pathway result in the formation of ornithine, which is exported to the cytoplasm by the transporter Ort1p (CITS: [8798783]). In the cytoplasm, L-ornithine is converted to L-arginine in three reactions mediated by ornithine carbamoyltransferase, arginosuccinate synthase, and argininosuccinate lyase. Transcription of genes of the arginine biosynthetic pathway, as well as of other amino acid biosynthetic pathways, is activated by the transcription factor Gcn4p under conditions of amino acid starvation (CITS: [11390663])(CITS: [Hinnebusch]). Transcription of ARG1, ARG3, ARG5,6, and ARG8 is also repressed in the presence of arginine by the ArgR/Mcm1p complex, which consists of Arg80p, Arg81p, Arg82p, and Mcm1p (CITS: [14563547]). The transcriptional activator Gcn4p interacts with subunits of the ArgR/Mcm1p repressor, allowing for fine-tuning of transcriptional control in response to arginine availability (CITS: [15289616]). SOURCE: SGD pathways,


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  1. Huet C, Menendez J, Gancedo C, François JM; ''Regulation of pyc1 encoding pyruvate carboxylase isozyme I by nitrogen sources in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.''; Eur J Biochem, 2000 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  2. Schl√ɬ∂sser T, G√ɬ§tgens C, Weber U, Stahmann KP; ''Alanine : glyoxylate aminotransferase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae-encoding gene AGX1 and metabolic significance.''; Yeast, 2004 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia


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107247view14:34, 17 September 2019MaintBotChEBI identifier normalization
87001view14:41, 15 July 2016MkutmonOntology Term : 'alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolic pathway' added !
76276view21:29, 25 June 2014Khanspersupdated xrefs
71990view11:15, 24 October 2013MkutmonChanged Unknown -> Metabolite for ATP, ADP, phosphate, L-glutamate
70071view08:55, 12 July 2013Mkutmonfixed unconnected lines, added some metabolite identifiers
41907view04:54, 2 March 2011MaintBotRemoved redundant pathway information and comments
36662view22:59, 9 April 2010MaintBot
36634view22:35, 9 April 2010MaintBotDescription and bibliography added from SGD
36557view23:02, 31 March 2010Khanspers
36556view23:02, 31 March 2010KhanspersNew pathway

External references


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NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
2-oxoglutarateMetaboliteCHEBI:16810 (ChEBI)
AAT1GeneProductS000001589 (SGD)
AAT2GeneProductS000004017 (SGD)
ADPMetabolite58-64-0 (CAS)
ATPMetabolite1927-31-7 (CAS)
HCO3-Metabolite71-52-3 (CAS)
L-aspartateMetabolite56-84-8 (CAS)
L-glutamateMetabolite56-86-0 (CAS)
PVC1GeneProductS000003030 (SGD)
PVC2GeneProductS000000422 (SGD)
oxaloacetic acidMetaboliteCHEBI:30744 (ChEBI)
phosphateMetabolite14265-44-2 (CAS)
pyruvateMetaboliteCHEBI:15361 (ChEBI)

Annotated Interactions

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