Mitochondrial Unfolded-Protein Response (UPRmt) (Caenorhabditis elegans)

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2, 8, 911153576733, 4, 75177454745Protein Conformational Stress (Unfolded Proteins)MitochondrionDirect or indirect stimulationMitochondrial ChaperonesTranslocation, change of state, translationNucleusLEGENDTOMM-40ClpX-likeProtease/(K07A3.3)TIMM-23GCN-2dnj-10ATFS-1 FragmentseIF2-alpha(Y37E3.10)SPG-7UBL-5Lon Protease/ C34B2.6DVE-1HAF-1HSP-60CLPP-1PHB-2Protein FragmentsEthidium BromideClpX-likeProtease/(D2030.2)HSP-6Unfolded Proteinshsp-6GSP-1hsp-60ParaquatATFS-151, 6ATFS-1ATFS-1HSP-60HSP-6eIF2-alpha(Y37E3.10)translationProtein FragmentsMitochondrial ChaperonesDVE-1UBL-5Mitochondrial Chaperone Genes773, 7P1, 33Direct or indirect inhibition3CatalysisGene Transcription


Description

"Mitochondria are required for numerous essential metabolic processes including the regulation of apoptosis; therefore, proper maintenance of the mitochondrial proteome is crucial. The protein-folding environment in mitochondria is challenged by organelle architecture, the presence of reactive oxygen species and the difficulties associated with assembly of the electron transport chain, which consists of components encoded by both the mitochondrial and the nuclear genomes. Mitochondria have dedicated molecular chaperones and proteases that promote proper protein folding, complex assembly and quality control. Work in cultured mammalian cells and Caenorhabditis elegans has yielded clues to the mechanisms linking perturbations in the protein-folding environment in the mitochondrial matrix to the expression of nuclear genes encoding mitochondrial proteins. Here, we review the current knowledge of this mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt), compare it with the better understood UPR of the endoplasmic reticulum and highlight its potential impact on development and disease." (Haynes and Ron 2010)

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Ontology Terms

 

Bibliography

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  1. Haynes CM, Petrova K, Benedetti C, Yang Y, Ron D; ''ClpP mediates activation of a mitochondrial unfolded protein response in C. elegans.''; Dev Cell, 2007 PubMed
  2. Broadley SA, Hartl FU; ''Mitochondrial stress signaling: a pathway unfolds.''; Trends Cell Biol, 2008 PubMed
  3. Haynes CM, Yang Y, Blais SP, Neubert TA, Ron D; ''The matrix peptide exporter HAF-1 signals a mitochondrial UPR by activating the transcription factor ZC376.7 in C. elegans.''; Mol Cell, 2010 PubMed
  4. Baker BM, Nargund AM, Sun T, Haynes CM; ''Protective coupling of mitochondrial function and protein synthesis via the eIF2α kinase GCN-2.''; PLoS Genet, 2012 PubMed
  5. Yoneda T, Benedetti C, Urano F, Clark SG, Harding HP, Ron D; ''Compartment-specific perturbation of protein handling activates genes encoding mitochondrial chaperones.''; J Cell Sci, 2004 PubMed
  6. Benedetti C, Haynes CM, Yang Y, Harding HP, Ron D; ''Ubiquitin-like protein 5 positively regulates chaperone gene expression in the mitochondrial unfolded protein response.''; Genetics, 2006 PubMed
  7. Nargund AM, Pellegrino MW, Fiorese CJ, Baker BM, Haynes CM; ''Mitochondrial import efficiency of ATFS-1 regulates mitochondrial UPR activation.''; Science, 2012 PubMed
  8. Haynes CM, Ron D; ''The mitochondrial UPR - protecting organelle protein homeostasis.''; J Cell Sci, 2010 PubMed
  9. Pellegrino MW, Nargund AM, Haynes CM; ''Signaling the mitochondrial unfolded protein response.''; Biochim Biophys Acta, 2013 PubMed

History

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CompareRevisionActionTimeUserComment
84475view19:37, 25 February 2016AlexanderPicoQuick edit to datanode annotation or property
78459view10:27, 7 January 2015MaintBotadded missing graphIds
74871view17:35, 5 May 2014CgroveChanged ATFS-1 to activating dnj-10 expression instead of inhibiting
74855view23:28, 1 May 2014CgroveCleaning up
74097view14:19, 29 March 2014EgonwReplaced an outdated HMDB identifier with the ChEBI one.
73816view01:17, 25 February 2014CgroveAdded CheBI identifier to ethidium bromide
73815view01:15, 25 February 2014CgroveConnected lines to Unfolded proteins and Protein Fragments data nodes instead of graphical cartoons
73814view01:14, 25 February 2014CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73487view22:59, 29 January 2014CgroveAdded "Gene Transcription" to legend
73486view22:42, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up legend
73485view22:39, 29 January 2014CgroveAdding legend text
73484view22:39, 29 January 2014CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73483view22:37, 29 January 2014CgroveEditing legend
73482view22:36, 29 January 2014CgroveAdding legend
73481view22:36, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73480view22:35, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73479view22:33, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73478view22:32, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73477view22:32, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73476view22:29, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73465view22:23, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73460view22:21, 29 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73456view22:19, 29 January 2014CgroveTesting Save
73376view20:23, 24 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73375view20:20, 24 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73374view20:11, 24 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73373view20:07, 24 January 2014CgroveCleaning up
73372view20:03, 24 January 2014CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73371view20:03, 24 January 2014CgroveMajor Cleaning Up
73370view19:53, 24 January 2014CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73369view19:43, 24 January 2014CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73368view19:33, 24 January 2014CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73147view21:18, 7 January 2014KyookOntology Term : 'PW:0000379' removed !
73146view21:18, 7 January 2014KyookOntology Term : 'stress response pathway' added !
73097view00:19, 3 January 2014KyookModified description
73096view00:19, 3 January 2014KyookModified title
73090view22:55, 2 January 2014CgroveModified description
73086view21:15, 2 January 2014Cgrovecleaning up
73040view00:55, 21 December 2013CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73039view00:45, 21 December 2013CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73038view00:33, 21 December 2013CgroveAdded references
73037view00:31, 21 December 2013CgroveCleaning up
73036view00:25, 21 December 2013CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73035view00:21, 21 December 2013CgroveAdded mitochondrial membrane protein transporters TIOMM-40 and TIMM-23 and reference
73034view00:15, 21 December 2013CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73033view00:10, 21 December 2013CgroveCleaning up
73032view00:03, 21 December 2013CgroveAdded reference for GSP-1 dephosphorylation of eIF2-alpha
73031view23:59, 20 December 2013CgrovePeriodical save, work in progress
73030view23:55, 20 December 2013CgroveCleaning up
73029view23:55, 20 December 2013CgroveAdded reference for ATFS-1 regulation of hsp-6 expression

External references

DataNodes

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NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
ATFS-1 FragmentsMetaboliteCHEBI:16670 (ChEBI)
ATFS-1ProteinZC376.7 (WormBase)
CLPP-1ProteinZK970.2 (WormBase)
ClpX-likeProtease/(D2030.2)GeneProductWBGene00008412 (Ensembl)
ClpX-likeProtease/(K07A3.3)GeneProductWBGene00019461 (Ensembl)
DVE-1GeneProductZK1193.5 (WormBase)
Ethidium BromideMetaboliteCHEBI:4883 (ChEBI)
GCN-2ProteinY81G3A.3 (WormBase)
GSP-1GeneProductF29F11.6 (WormBase) gsp-1 encodes a protein phosphatase homologous to the yeast phosphatase required for eIF2-alpha dephosphorylation.
HAF-1ProteinC30H6.6 (WormBase) haf-1, a gene encoding a mitochondria-localized ATP-binding cassestte protein, is required for signaling within the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPTmt) and for coping with misfolded protein stress. Peptide efflux from isolated mitochondria was ATP dependent and required HAF-1 and the protease ClpP.
HSP-60ProteinY22D7AL.5 (WormBase)
HSP-6ProteinC37H5.8 (WormBase)
Lon Protease/ C34B2.6GeneProductC34B2.6 (WormBase)
PHB-2ProteinT24H7.1 (WormBase) PHB-2, along with PHB-1, forms the mitochondrial inner membrane Prohibitin complex which is implicated in assembly of components of the respiratory chain.
ParaquatMetaboliteCHEBI:34905 (ChEBI)
Protein FragmentsMetaboliteCHEBI:16670 (ChEBI)
SPG-7ProteinY47G6A.10 (WormBase)
TIMM-23GeneProduct173041 (Entrez Gene)
TOMM-40ProteinC18E9.6 (WormBase)
UBL-5ProteinF46F11.4 (WormBase)
Unfolded ProteinsProtein
dnj-10GeneProductF22B7.5 (WormBase)
eIF2-alpha(Y37E3.10)GeneProductWBGene00021351 (Ensembl)
hsp-60GeneProductY22D7AL.5 (WormBase)
hsp-6GeneProductC37H5.8 (WormBase)
translationPathwayGO:0006412 (GeneOntology)

Annotated Interactions

SourceTargetTypeDatabase referenceComment
mim-stimulationWBInteraction000520482 (WormBase)
  • Activation of the UPRmt correlates with enhanced binding of DVE-1 to the promoters of mitochondrial chaperone genes. DVE-1 was found to bind the hsp-6 and hsp-60 gene promoters by Chromatin ImmunoPrecipitation (ChIP).
  • ubl-5 RNAi results in diminished expression of an hsp-6::GFP reporter and endogenous hsp-6. dve-1 RNAi also disrupts induction of endogenous hsp-6 expression induced by spg-7 RNAi, as determined by QRT-PCR.
  • RNAi knockdown of dve-1 prevents expression of a Phsp-60::GFP reporter transgene in response to the zc32 allele at 25 degrees Celsius, spg-7 RNAi, or exposure to Ethidium Bromide (all known to induce UPRmt and, hence, hsp-60 expression). dve-1 RNAi also disrupts induction of endogenous hsp-60 expression induced by spg-7 RNAi, as determined by QRT-PCR. ubl-5 RNAi results in diminished expression of an hsp-60::GFP reporter and endogenous hsp-60.
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