S Phase (Homo sapiens)

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14, 3740112, 6, 24, 34, 38...21202012, 3325281427, 358221, 4, 5, 131610, 29, 33, 353, 6, 14, 24, 3917912, 33, 3523, 411715, 31, 33, 404035, 4032, 3611, 19cytosolnucleoplasmPSMD3 Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:CentromereCDK2 UBC(305-380) PSMC5 p-T308,S473-AKT1 STAG2 PSMD14 CDK2 PDS5A p-T160-CDK2 CCNE1 PSMC6 SKP1 E2F4 PSME3 CCNA2 CyclinE/A:CDK2:p-S130-CDKN1A,p-T187-CDKN1B:CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1BPSMB10 26S proteasomePSMA3 CDK2 CCNA1 p-T160-CDK2 phospho(T286)-CyclinD1:Cdk4UBA52(1-76) CyclinE/A:p-T160-CDK2:p-S130-CDKN1A,p-T187-CDKN1BCCNE1 CCNA:p-T160-CDK2,CCNE:p-T160-CDK2CDK2 LIN54 CDCA5 TFDP1 RAD21 PSMD2 UBC(229-304) ESCO2 CCNE1 PSMC6 ATPp-T160-CDK2 CoA-SHCKS1B SKP1 p-Y342-PTK6CDKN1B PDS5A SMC3 CCNA2 p-T309,S474-AKT2 ADPPSMB2 UbPSMD3 2xAcK-SMC3 FZR1 UBC(381-456) UBC(1-76) p-Y88-CDKN1B:(CDK4:CCND1,(CDK2:CCNE1))PSMD11 STAG1 PSMA8 PDS5A Sister Centromere CCNH Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:CentromereLIN9 CDKN1A,CDKN1BPSMD7 CyclinA:Cdk2:p21/p27complexCCNA:CDK2PSMD1 PSMA1 UBB(1-76) p-T286-CCND1 p-S130-CDKN1A CDK7 STAG1 UBC(153-228) RPS27A(1-76) p-T187-CDKN1B UBB(77-152) CCNA2 PSMB6 PSMD2 PSMC4 UBA52(1-76) CCNE2 SKP2 GSK3BUBC(457-532) PDS5A CCNA1 CUL1 H2OATPPSMC2 CDC25A gene SisterCentromeres:Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:CDCA5:WAPALCDKN1BATPPSMA2 PSMD7 SMC1A p-S130-CDKN1A PSMA6 PSMC1 PSME4 CCNE1 UBC(305-380) CCNA2 Sister Chromosomal Arm CCNA2 CKS1BPSMD14 CDKN1B:(CDK4:CCND1,(CDK2:CCNE1))CDK4 CDCA5 UBC(609-684) MitoticTelophase/CytokinesisPSMB7 CCNA1 PSME1 CDK4 CDKN1A,CDKN1BPSMD12 CUL1 STAG2 CDKN1B STAG2 CDKN1A ADPPSMD4 RBL2 PDS5A CDC25B TFDP2 multi-ubiquitinatedphospho-(T286)Cyclin D1CCNAPSMC1 CCNA1 UBB(153-228) UBC(381-456) CABLES1PSMD9 CCNE2 UBC(153-228) UBC(77-152) PSMD12 CKS1B CCNE2 RAD21 PDS5B PDS5B PSMA3 Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:Chromosomal ArmATPp-T286-CCND1 PSMF1 2xAcK-SMC3 PSME2 p-FZR1 p-Y15-CDK2 p-Y342-PTK6 CCNA1 DREAM complex:CDC25AgeneCyclinA:Cdk2:phospho-p27/p21 complexUBC(1-76) WEE1p-Y342-PTK6:CDKN1B:(CDK4:CCND1,(CDK2:CCNE1))PSMA5 PSMB9 Sister Centromere E2F1 CCND1 Cdc25 A/BUBC(1-76) CDK2Sister Chromosomal Arm CCNA2 PSMA7 ATPPSMB9 WAPAL PSMD1 CCND1 ADPPSMD6 PSMD4 PDS5A CCNA2 UBA52(1-76) CCNA1 CUL1 p-T160-CDK2 p-T157-CDKN1B SKP2 UBC(305-380) SKP1 CCNA2 CDCA5RPS27A(1-76) ATPESCO1 UBB(77-152) UBC(609-684) UBC(77-152) CCNE2 STAG2 p-T286-CCND1 RAD21 PSMB4 PSMD5 RPS27A(1-76) CCND1 CCNA1 UBB(1-76) CCNA2 UBB(77-152) CCNA:CDK2PSMB1 2xAcK-SMC3 CCNA2 PSMB1 p-T286-CCND1CCNA1 p-T305,S472-AKT3 SMC1A PSMA1 CDKN1B PiCCNA1 TFDP1 UBC(153-228) WAPAL UBC(457-532) UBC(305-380) TFDP2 CDKN1BSKP2 CCNA1 UBB(1-76) UBC(533-608) E2F1:TFDP1,TFDP2:CDC25A geneADPSMC1A CDKN1B CDC25A gene STAG1 CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1BPSMB8 Sister Centromere UBC(77-152) UBC(229-304) p-RB1 2xAcK-SMC3 CDK4 26S proteasomeCDK2 ESCOp-T145-CDKN1A ATPPSMD5 CCNE1 MYC FZR1,p-S795-RB1MAX phospho(T286)-CyclinD1:Cdk4SisterChromosomalArms:Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:CDCA5:WAPALUBC(381-456) SMC1A UBC(77-152) PSMC2 STAG1 SMC1A UBC(533-608) PSMB8 PSMA2 PSMC3 p-T,p-S-AKTPSMB2 Sister Chromosomal Arm CCND1 p-Y88-CDKN1B PSMA6 CyclinE/A:p-T160-CDK2:CDKN1A,CDKN1Bp-FZR1,p-RB1UbCDKN1A CyclinE/A:CDK2:p-S130-CDKN1A,p-T187-CDKN1B:CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1B:3xubiquitinPSMF1 PDS5B CCNA:p-Y15-CDK2PSME1 STAG2 CCNE1 CDKN1B CUL1 PSMB10 CCNE2 Synthesis of DNACDC25A geneSister CentromereRPS27A(1-76) UBB(77-152) p-T187-CDKN1B PSMD10 UBB(153-228) CCNA2 CCNE1 p-T160-CDK2 PSMD11 SHFM1 UBB(1-76) CUL1:SKP1:SKP2p-S795-RB1 ADPCCNA1 p-T187-CDKN1B PSMD8 UBC(229-304) CDC25Ap-T286-CCND1CKS1B p-T-CDKN1A/BPSMB4 RAD21 MYC:MAX:CDC25A geneRAD21 PDS5B CDK2 Ubiquitin ligasePSMA4 p-T160-CDK2 UBC(609-684) p-S130-CDKN1A SKP2 CDK2 CDK4 CCNA:p-T160-CDK2CCND1:CDK4WAPAL WAPAL ADPPDS5B UBC(533-608) p-S130-CDKN1A CDC25A PSMA5 STAG2 p-S28-LIN52 CCNE1 PDS5B PSMD13 CDKN1A UBA52(1-76) UBC(381-456) PSMA7 CDK4 UBC(609-684) MNAT1 STAG1 SKP1 CCNA2 ADPSHFM1 PSMB5 PSMD8 PSME2 PSMC4 PSMD13 CCNA1 WAPAL SMC1A WAPAL LIN37 CAKCDC25A gene PSMD10 PSMD6 Mitotic PrometaphaseUBC(533-608) PSMB11 UBB(153-228) PSMC3 ATPPSMB3 SMC3 E2F5 CDKN1APSMA4 p-T187-CDKN1B RBBP4 PSME3 PSMC5 UBC(457-532) Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:Chromosomal ArmPSMB5 UBC(457-532) UBC(153-228) PSMB6 STAG1 UBC(229-304) RAD21 CDKN1A PSMB7 Ac-CoACDKN1B PSMD9 UBB(153-228) PSMB3 CDK4 CDKN1ASister ChromosomalArmUBC(1-76) ADP7, 1871117, 1871330264, 511


Description

DNA synthesis occurs in the S phase, or the synthesis phase, of the cell cycle. The cell duplicates its hereditary material, and two copies of the chromosome are formed. As DNA replication continues, the E type cyclins shared by the G1 and S phases, are destroyed and the levels of the mitotic cyclins rise. View original pathway at:Reactome.

Comments

Reactome-Converter 
Pathway is converted from Reactome ID: 69242
Reactome-version 
Reactome version: 66

Quality Tags

Ontology Terms

 

Bibliography

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  2. Vega H, Waisfisz Q, Gordillo M, Sakai N, Yanagihara I, Yamada M, van Gosliga D, Kayserili H, Xu C, Ozono K, Jabs EW, Inui K, Joenje H.; ''Roberts syndrome is caused by mutations in ESCO2, a human homolog of yeast ECO1 that is essential for the establishment of sister chromatid cohesion.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  3. Deardorff MA, Bando M, Nakato R, Watrin E, Itoh T, Minamino M, Saitoh K, Komata M, Katou Y, Clark D, Cole KE, De Baere E, Decroos C, Di Donato N, Ernst S, Francey LJ, Gyftodimou Y, Hirashima K, Hullings M, Ishikawa Y, Jaulin C, Kaur M, Kiyono T, Lombardi PM, Magnaghi-Jaulin L, Mortier GR, Nozaki N, Petersen MB, Seimiya H, Siu VM, Suzuki Y, Takagaki K, Wilde JJ, Willems PJ, Prigent C, Gillessen-Kaesbach G, Christianson DW, Kaiser FJ, Jackson LG, Hirota T, Krantz ID, Shirahige K.; ''HDAC8 mutations in Cornelia de Lange syndrome affect the cohesin acetylation cycle.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  4. DeGregori J, Kowalik T, Nevins JR.; ''Cellular targets for activation by the E2F1 transcription factor include DNA synthesis- and G1/S-regulatory genes.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  5. Vigo E, Müller H, Prosperini E, Hateboer G, Cartwright P, Moroni MC, Helin K.; ''CDC25A phosphatase is a target of E2F and is required for efficient E2F-induced S phase.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  6. Zhang J, Shi X, Li Y, Kim BJ, Jia J, Huang Z, Yang T, Fu X, Jung SY, Wang Y, Zhang P, Kim ST, Pan X, Qin J.; ''Acetylation of Smc3 by Eco1 is required for S phase sister chromatid cohesion in both human and yeast.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  7. Wei SJ, Williams JG, Dang H, Darden TA, Betz BL, Humble MM, Chang FM, Trempus CS, Johnson K, Cannon RE, Tennant RW.; ''Identification of a specific motif of the DSS1 protein required for proteasome interaction and p53 protein degradation.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  8. Jackman M, Kubota Y, den Elzen N, Hagting A, Pines J.; ''Cyclin A- and cyclin E-Cdk complexes shuttle between the nucleus and the cytoplasm.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  9. Aprelikova O, Xiong Y, Liu ET.; ''Both p16 and p21 families of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors block the phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinases by the CDK-activating kinase.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  10. Mitra J, Enders GH, Azizkhan-Clifford J, Lengel KL.; ''Dual regulation of the anaphase promoting complex in human cells by cyclin A-Cdk2 and cyclin A-Cdk1 complexes.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  11. Patel P, Asbach B, Shteyn E, Gomez C, Coltoff A, Bhuyan S, Tyner AL, Wagner R, Blain SW.; ''Brk/Protein tyrosine kinase 6 phosphorylates p27KIP1, regulating the activity of cyclin D-cyclin-dependent kinase 4.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  12. Carrano AC, Eytan E, Hershko A, Pagano M.; ''SKP2 is required for ubiquitin-mediated degradation of the CDK inhibitor p27.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  13. Galaktionov K, Chen X, Beach D.; ''Cdc25 cell-cycle phosphatase as a target of c-myc.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  14. Nishiyama T, Ladurner R, Schmitz J, Kreidl E, Kreidl E, Schleiffer A, Bhaskara V, Bando M, Shirahige K, Hyman AA, Mechtler K, Peters JM.; ''Sororin mediates sister chromatid cohesion by antagonizing Wapl.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  15. Hao B, Zheng N, Schulman BA, Wu G, Miller JJ, Pagano M, Pavletich NP.; ''Structural basis of the Cks1-dependent recognition of p27(Kip1) by the SCF(Skp2) ubiquitin ligase.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  16. Guo Y, Yang K, Harwalkar J, Nye JM, Mason DR, Garrett MD, Hitomi M, Stacey DW.; ''Phosphorylation of cyclin D1 at Thr 286 during S phase leads to its proteasomal degradation and allows efficient DNA synthesis.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  17. Orend G, Hunter T, Ruoslahti E.; ''Cytoplasmic displacement of cyclin E-cdk2 inhibitors p21Cip1 and p27Kip1 in anchorage-independent cells.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  18. Voges D, Zwickl P, Baumeister W.; ''The 26S proteasome: a molecular machine designed for controlled proteolysis.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  19. Xiang B, Chatti K, Qiu H, Lakshmi B, Krasnitz A, Hicks J, Yu M, Miller WT, Muthuswamy SK.; ''Brk is coamplified with ErbB2 to promote proliferation in breast cancer.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  20. Diehl JA, Sherr CJ.; ''A dominant-negative cyclin D1 mutant prevents nuclear import of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and its phosphorylation by CDK-activating kinase.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  21. Diehl JA, Zindy F, Sherr CJ.; ''Inhibition of cyclin D1 phosphorylation on threonine-286 prevents its rapid degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  22. Blomberg I, Hoffmann I.; ''Ectopic expression of Cdc25A accelerates the G(1)/S transition and leads to premature activation of cyclin E- and cyclin A-dependent kinases.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  23. Wu CL, Kirley SD, Xiao H, Chuang Y, Chung DC, Zukerberg LR.; ''Cables enhances cdk2 tyrosine 15 phosphorylation by Wee1, inhibits cell growth, and is lost in many human colon and squamous cancers.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  24. Whelan G, Kreidl E, Kreidl E, Wutz G, Egner A, Peters JM, Eichele G.; ''Cohesin acetyltransferase Esco2 is a cell viability factor and is required for cohesion in pericentric heterochromatin.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  25. Pagano M, Pepperkok R, Verde F, Ansorge W, Draetta G.; ''Cyclin A is required at two points in the human cell cycle.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  26. Bembenek J, Yu H.; ''Regulation of the anaphase-promoting complex by the dual specificity phosphatase human Cdc14a.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  27. Harper JW, Adami GR, Wei N, Keyomarsi K, Elledge SJ.; ''The p21 Cdk-interacting protein Cip1 is a potent inhibitor of G1 cyclin-dependent kinases.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  28. Benzeno S, Lu F, Guo M, Barbash O, Zhang F, Herman JG, Klein PS, Rustgi A, Diehl JA.; ''Identification of mutations that disrupt phosphorylation-dependent nuclear export of cyclin D1.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  29. Bornstein G, Bloom J, Sitry-Shevah D, Nakayama K, Pagano M, Hershko A.; ''Role of the SCFSkp2 ubiquitin ligase in the degradation of p21Cip1 in S phase.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  30. Sarshad AA, Corcoran M, Al-Muzzaini B, Borgonovo-Brandter L, Von Euler A, Lamont D, Visa N, Percipalle P.; ''Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) 3β phosphorylates and protects nuclear myosin 1c from proteasome-mediated degradation to activate rDNA transcription in early G1 cells.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  31. Zhu XH, Nguyen H, Halicka HD, Traganos F, Koff A.; ''Noncatalytic requirement for cyclin A-cdk2 in p27 turnover.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  32. Viglietto G, Motti ML, Bruni P, Melillo RM, D'Alessio A, Califano D, Vinci F, Chiappetta G, Tsichlis P, Bellacosa A, Fusco A, Santoro M.; ''Cytoplasmic relocalization and inhibition of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) by PKB/Akt-mediated phosphorylation in breast cancer.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  33. Tsvetkov LM, Yeh KH, Lee SJ, Sun H, Zhang H.; ''p27(Kip1) ubiquitination and degradation is regulated by the SCF(Skp2) complex through phosphorylated Thr187 in p27.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  34. Gordillo M, Vega H, Trainer AH, Hou F, Sakai N, Luque R, Kayserili H, Basaran S, Skovby F, Hennekam RC, Uzielli ML, Schnur RE, Manouvrier S, Chang S, Blair E, Hurst JA, Forzano F, Meins M, Simola KO, Raas-Rothschild A, Schultz RA, McDaniel LD, Ozono K, Inui K, Zou H, Jabs EW.; ''The molecular mechanism underlying Roberts syndrome involves loss of ESCO2 acetyltransferase activity.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  35. Montagnoli A, Fiore F, Eytan E, Carrano AC, Draetta GF, Hershko A, Pagano M.; ''Ubiquitination of p27 is regulated by Cdk-dependent phosphorylation and trimeric complex formation.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  36. Zhou BP, Liao Y, Xia W, Spohn B, Lee MH, Hung MC.; ''Cytoplasmic localization of p21Cip1/WAF1 by Akt-induced phosphorylation in HER-2/neu-overexpressing cells.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  37. Rankin S, Ayad NG, Kirschner MW.; ''Sororin, a substrate of the anaphase-promoting complex, is required for sister chromatid cohesion in vertebrates.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  38. Van Den Berg DJ, Francke U.; ''Roberts syndrome: a review of 100 cases and a new rating system for severity.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  39. Hou F, Zou H.; ''Two human orthologues of Eco1/Ctf7 acetyltransferases are both required for proper sister-chromatid cohesion.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  40. Ganoth D, Bornstein G, Ko TK, Larsen B, Tyers M, Pagano M, Hershko A.; ''The cell-cycle regulatory protein Cks1 is required for SCF(Skp2)-mediated ubiquitinylation of p27.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  41. Gu Y, Rosenblatt J, Morgan DO.; ''Cell cycle regulation of CDK2 activity by phosphorylation of Thr160 and Tyr15.''; PubMed Europe PMC

History

View all...
CompareRevisionActionTimeUserComment
101618view11:48, 1 November 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 66
101154view21:34, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 65
100681view20:07, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 64
100231view16:52, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 63
99783view15:18, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 62 (2nd attempt)
99337view12:47, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 62
93537view11:26, 9 August 2017ReactomeTeamreactome version 61
86636view09:22, 11 July 2016ReactomeTeamreactome version 56
83395view11:07, 18 November 2015ReactomeTeamVersion54
81589view13:07, 21 August 2015ReactomeTeamVersion53
77049view08:35, 17 July 2014ReactomeTeamFixed remaining interactions
76754view12:11, 16 July 2014ReactomeTeamFixed remaining interactions
76079view10:14, 11 June 2014ReactomeTeamRe-fixing comment source
75789view11:32, 10 June 2014ReactomeTeamReactome 48 Update
75139view14:08, 8 May 2014AnweshaFixing comment source for displaying WikiPathways description
74786view08:52, 30 April 2014ReactomeTeamNew pathway

External references

DataNodes

View all...
NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
26S proteasomeComplexR-HSA-177750 (Reactome)
26S proteasomeComplexR-HSA-68819 (Reactome)
2xAcK-SMC3 ProteinQ9UQE7 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
ADPMetaboliteCHEBI:16761 (ChEBI)
ATPMetaboliteCHEBI:15422 (ChEBI)
Ac-CoAMetaboliteCHEBI:15351 (ChEBI)
Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:CentromereComplexR-HSA-2473149 (Reactome)
Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:Chromosomal ArmComplexR-HSA-2473153 (Reactome)
CABLES1ProteinQ8TDN4 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CAKComplexR-HSA-69221 (Reactome)
CCNA1 ProteinP78396 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CCNA2 ProteinP20248 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CCNA:CDK2ComplexR-HSA-141608 (Reactome)
CCNA:CDK2ComplexR-HSA-187501 (Reactome)
CCNA:p-T160-CDK2,CCNE:p-T160-CDK2ComplexR-HSA-8848491 (Reactome)
CCNA:p-T160-CDK2ComplexR-HSA-187952 (Reactome)
CCNA:p-Y15-CDK2ComplexR-HSA-187907 (Reactome)
CCNAComplexR-HSA-170089 (Reactome)
CCND1 ProteinP24385 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CCND1:CDK4ComplexR-HSA-113844 (Reactome)
CCNE1 ProteinP24864 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CCNE2 ProteinO96020 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CCNH ProteinP51946 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDC25A ProteinP30304 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDC25A gene ProteinENSG00000164045 (Ensembl)
CDC25A geneGeneProductENSG00000164045 (Ensembl)
CDC25AProteinP30304 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDC25B ProteinP30305 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDCA5 ProteinQ96FF9 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDCA5ProteinQ96FF9 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDK2 ProteinP24941 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDK2ProteinP24941 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDK4 ProteinP11802 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDK7 ProteinP50613 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDKN1A ProteinP38936 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDKN1A,CDKN1BComplexR-HSA-182504 (Reactome)
CDKN1A,CDKN1BComplexR-HSA-182558 (Reactome)
CDKN1AProteinP38936 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDKN1B ProteinP46527 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CDKN1B:(CDK4:CCND1,(CDK2:CCNE1))ComplexR-HSA-8848419 (Reactome)
CDKN1BProteinP46527 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CKS1B ProteinP61024 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CKS1BProteinP61024 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CUL1 ProteinQ13616 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1BComplexR-HSA-187547 (Reactome)
CUL1:SKP1:SKP2ComplexR-HSA-187541 (Reactome)
Cdc25 A/BComplexR-HSA-187904 (Reactome)
CoA-SHMetaboliteCHEBI:15346 (ChEBI)
Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:CentromereComplexR-HSA-2545177 (Reactome)
Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:Chromosomal ArmComplexR-HSA-2545179 (Reactome)
Cyclin

A:Cdk2:p21/p27

complex
ComplexR-HSA-187926 (Reactome)
Cyclin A:Cdk2:phospho-p27/p21 complexComplexR-HSA-187912 (Reactome)
Cyclin E/A:CDK2:p-S130-CDKN1A,p-T187-CDKN1B:CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1B:3xubiquitinComplexR-HSA-187568 (Reactome)
Cyclin E/A:CDK2:p-S130-CDKN1A,p-T187-CDKN1B:CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1BComplexR-HSA-187565 (Reactome)
Cyclin E/A:p-T160-CDK2:CDKN1A,CDKN1BComplexR-HSA-187516 (Reactome)
Cyclin E/A:p-T160-CDK2:p-S130-CDKN1A,p-T187-CDKN1BComplexR-HSA-187522 (Reactome)
DREAM complex:CDC25A geneComplexR-HSA-8964470 (Reactome)
E2F1 ProteinQ01094 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
E2F1:TFDP1,TFDP2:CDC25A geneComplexR-HSA-8961960 (Reactome)
E2F4 ProteinQ16254 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
E2F5 ProteinQ15329 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
ESCO1 ProteinQ5FWF5 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
ESCO2 ProteinQ56NI9 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
ESCOComplexR-HSA-2468046 (Reactome)
FZR1 ProteinQ9UM11 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
FZR1,p-S795-RB1ComplexR-HSA-187963 (Reactome)
GSK3BProteinP49841 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
H2OMetaboliteCHEBI:15377 (ChEBI)
LIN37 ProteinQ96GY3 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
LIN54 ProteinQ6MZP7 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
LIN9 ProteinQ5TKA1 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
MAX ProteinP61244 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
MNAT1 ProteinP51948 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
MYC ProteinP01106 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
MYC:MAX:CDC25A geneComplexR-HSA-8932399 (Reactome)
Mitotic Telophase/CytokinesisPathwayR-HSA-68884 (Reactome) In this final phase of mitosis, new membranes are formed around two sets of chromatids and two daughter cells are formed. The chromosomes and the spindle fibers disperse, and the fiber ring around the center of the cell, composed of actin, contracts, pinching the cell into two daughter cells.
Mitotic PrometaphasePathwayR-HSA-68877 (Reactome) The dissolution of the nuclear membrane marks the beginning of the prometaphase. Kinetochores are created when proteins attach to the centromeres. Microtubules then attach at the kinetochores, and the chromosomes begin to move to the metaphase plate.
PDS5A ProteinQ29RF7 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PDS5B ProteinQ9NTI5 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMA1 ProteinP25786 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMA2 ProteinP25787 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMA3 ProteinP25788 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMA4 ProteinP25789 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMA5 ProteinP28066 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMA6 ProteinP60900 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMA7 ProteinO14818 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMA8 ProteinQ8TAA3 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB1 ProteinP20618 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB10 ProteinP40306 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB11 ProteinA5LHX3 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB2 ProteinP49721 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB3 ProteinP49720 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB4 ProteinP28070 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB5 ProteinP28074 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB6 ProteinP28072 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB7 ProteinQ99436 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB8 ProteinP28062 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMB9 ProteinP28065 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMC1 ProteinP62191 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMC2 ProteinP35998 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMC3 ProteinP17980 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMC4 ProteinP43686 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMC5 ProteinP62195 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMC6 ProteinP62333 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD1 ProteinQ99460 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD10 ProteinO75832 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD11 ProteinO00231 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD12 ProteinO00232 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD13 ProteinQ9UNM6 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD14 ProteinO00487 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD2 ProteinQ13200 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD3 ProteinO43242 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD4 ProteinP55036 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD5 ProteinQ16401 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD6 ProteinQ15008 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD7 ProteinP51665 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD8 ProteinP48556 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMD9 ProteinO00233 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSME1 ProteinQ06323 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSME2 ProteinQ9UL46 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSME3 ProteinP61289 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSME4 ProteinQ14997 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PSMF1 ProteinQ92530 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PiMetaboliteCHEBI:18367 (ChEBI)
RAD21 ProteinO60216 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
RBBP4 ProteinQ09028 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
RBL2 ProteinQ08999 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
RPS27A(1-76) ProteinP62979 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
SHFM1 ProteinP60896 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
SKP1 ProteinP63208 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
SKP2 ProteinQ13309 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
SMC1A ProteinQ14683 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
SMC3 ProteinQ9UQE7 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
STAG1 ProteinQ8WVM7 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
STAG2 ProteinQ8N3U4 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
Sister Centromeres:Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:CDCA5:WAPALComplexR-HSA-1638799 (Reactome)
Sister

Chromosomal

Arms:Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:CDCA5:WAPAL
ComplexR-HSA-1638802 (Reactome)
Sister Centromere R-ALL-1638792 (Reactome)
Sister CentromereR-ALL-1638792 (Reactome)
Sister Chromosomal ArmR-ALL-1638790 (Reactome)
Sister Chromosomal Arm R-ALL-1638790 (Reactome)
Synthesis of DNAPathwayR-HSA-69239 (Reactome) The actual synthesis of DNA occurs in the S phase of the cell cycle. This includes the initiation of DNA replication, when the first nucleotide of the new strand is laid down during the synthesis of the primer. The DNA replication preinitiation events begin in late M or early G1 phase.
TFDP1 ProteinQ14186 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
TFDP2 ProteinQ14188 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBA52(1-76) ProteinP62987 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBB(1-76) ProteinP0CG47 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBB(153-228) ProteinP0CG47 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBB(77-152) ProteinP0CG47 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(1-76) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(153-228) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(229-304) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(305-380) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(381-456) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(457-532) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(533-608) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(609-684) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UBC(77-152) ProteinP0CG48 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
UbComplexR-HSA-113595 (Reactome)
UbComplexR-HSA-68524 (Reactome)
Ubiquitin ligaseR-HSA-69593 (Reactome)
WAPAL ProteinQ7Z5K2 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
WEE1ProteinP30291 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
multi-ubiquitinated

phospho-(T286)

Cyclin D1
ComplexR-HSA-177997 (Reactome)
p-FZR1 ProteinQ9UM11 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-FZR1,p-RB1ComplexR-HSA-187920 (Reactome)
p-RB1 ProteinP06400 (Uniprot-TrEMBL) The pRB C-terminus contains a cluster of seven candidate in vivo cdk phosphorylation sites (residues 795, 807, 811, 821, and 826) and is phosphorylated in vitro by cyclin A, cyclin E, and cyclin D-associated kinases.
p-S130-CDKN1A ProteinP38936 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-S28-LIN52 ProteinQ52LA3 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-S795-RB1 ProteinP06400 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T,p-S-AKTComplexR-HSA-202074 (Reactome)
p-T-CDKN1A/BComplexR-HSA-198605 (Reactome)
p-T145-CDKN1A ProteinP38936 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T157-CDKN1B ProteinP46527 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T160-CDK2 ProteinP24941 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T187-CDKN1B ProteinP46527 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T286-CCND1 ProteinP24385 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T286-CCND1ProteinP24385 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T305,S472-AKT3 ProteinQ9Y243 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T308,S473-AKT1 ProteinP31749 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-T309,S474-AKT2 ProteinP31751 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-Y15-CDK2 ProteinP24941 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-Y342-PTK6 ProteinQ13882 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-Y342-PTK6:CDKN1B:(CDK4:CCND1,(CDK2:CCNE1))ComplexR-HSA-8848415 (Reactome)
p-Y342-PTK6ProteinQ13882 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-Y88-CDKN1B ProteinP46527 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-Y88-CDKN1B:(CDK4:CCND1,(CDK2:CCNE1))ComplexR-HSA-8848441 (Reactome)
phospho(T286)-Cyclin D1:Cdk4ComplexR-HSA-75812 (Reactome)
phospho(T286)-Cyclin D1:Cdk4ComplexR-HSA-75814 (Reactome)

Annotated Interactions

View all...
SourceTargetTypeDatabase referenceComment
26S proteasomemim-catalysisR-HSA-187574 (Reactome)
26S proteasomemim-catalysisR-HSA-75825 (Reactome)
ADPArrowR-HSA-174164 (Reactome)
ADPArrowR-HSA-187520 (Reactome)
ADPArrowR-HSA-187916 (Reactome)
ADPArrowR-HSA-187948 (Reactome)
ADPArrowR-HSA-187949 (Reactome)
ADPArrowR-HSA-198613 (Reactome)
ADPArrowR-HSA-75820 (Reactome)
ADPArrowR-HSA-8848436 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-174164 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-187520 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-187916 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-187948 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-187949 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-198613 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-75820 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-8848436 (Reactome)
Ac-CoAR-HSA-2468039 (Reactome)
Ac-CoAR-HSA-2473152 (Reactome)
Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:CentromereArrowR-HSA-2473152 (Reactome)
Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:CentromereR-HSA-2473151 (Reactome)
Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:Chromosomal ArmArrowR-HSA-2468039 (Reactome)
Ac-Cohesin:PDS5:WAPAL:Chromosomal ArmR-HSA-2468041 (Reactome)
CABLES1ArrowR-HSA-174164 (Reactome)
CAKmim-catalysisR-HSA-187949 (Reactome)
CCNA:CDK2ArrowR-HSA-174054 (Reactome)
CCNA:CDK2ArrowR-HSA-174110 (Reactome)
CCNA:CDK2ArrowR-HSA-174273 (Reactome)
CCNA:CDK2R-HSA-174164 (Reactome)
CCNA:CDK2R-HSA-174273 (Reactome)
CCNA:CDK2R-HSA-187934 (Reactome)
CCNA:CDK2R-HSA-187949 (Reactome)
CCNA:p-T160-CDK2,CCNE:p-T160-CDK2ArrowR-HSA-187574 (Reactome)
CCNA:p-T160-CDK2ArrowR-HSA-187949 (Reactome)
CCNA:p-T160-CDK2mim-catalysisR-HSA-187948 (Reactome)
CCNA:p-Y15-CDK2ArrowR-HSA-174164 (Reactome)
CCNA:p-Y15-CDK2R-HSA-174110 (Reactome)
CCNAR-HSA-174054 (Reactome)
CCND1:CDK4R-HSA-75820 (Reactome)
CDC25A geneR-HSA-188345 (Reactome)
CDC25AArrowR-HSA-188345 (Reactome)
CDCA5R-HSA-2468041 (Reactome)
CDCA5R-HSA-2473151 (Reactome)
CDK2R-HSA-174054 (Reactome)
CDKN1A,CDKN1BR-HSA-187934 (Reactome)
CDKN1A,CDKN1BR-HSA-198613 (Reactome)
CDKN1AArrowR-HSA-187828 (Reactome)
CDKN1AR-HSA-187828 (Reactome)
CDKN1B:(CDK4:CCND1,(CDK2:CCNE1))R-HSA-8848414 (Reactome)
CDKN1BArrowR-HSA-187506 (Reactome)
CDKN1BR-HSA-187506 (Reactome)
CKS1BR-HSA-187545 (Reactome)
CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1BArrowR-HSA-187545 (Reactome)
CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1BArrowR-HSA-187574 (Reactome)
CUL1:SKP1:SKP2:CKS1BR-HSA-187552 (Reactome)
CUL1:SKP1:SKP2