Nephrin family interactions (Homo sapiens)

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1, 3-5, 10...7, 11, 27, 286, 12, 15, 17, 31312, 23, 248, 187, 263, 9, 10, 21, 27...18, 22, 254, 14, 16, 30cytosolPIK3R1 NCK2 p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1 Alpha-actinin NPHS1 KIRREL PI3KMAGI2 KIRREL NPHS1 KIRREL KIRREL NCK2 KIRREL Podocin oligomer p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1 NPHS1 NCK2 KIRREL NEPH1:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NCKN-WASP NPHS1dimer:KIRREL2,KIRREL3KIRREL IQGAP1PIK3R1 p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1 Nephrin dimer:CASKIQGAP1 NEPH1:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NCK:N-WASPadherensjunction-associatedproteinsNPHS1 PIK3CA PIK3CB CASKNPHS1 CASK NPHS1dimer:KIRREL:FYNNCK1 ATPFYN KIRREL3 NPHS1 NPHS1 dimerCD2AP:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1CD2APFYNNephrin dimer:IQGAP1NPHS1 SPTAN1 FYN PI3K:CD2AP:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1KIRREL2 NCK1 NPHS1 SPTBN1 FYN NCK1,NCK2CD2AP KIRREL2 p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1 SPTBN1 FYN ADPAlpha-actinin FYN SPTAN1 p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1 NPHS1 MAGI2 PIK3R2 NPHS1PIK3CB KIRREL KIRREL2, KIRREL3NPHS1 p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1:KIRREL:FYNNephrindimer:adherinsjunction-associatedproteinsKIRREL Podocin:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1NCK1 KIRREL N-WASPNPHS1 dimer:KIRRELp-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1 NPHS1 KIRRELPIK3R2 FYN Podocin oligomerNPHS1 PIK3CA CD2AP KIRREL3 NPHS1 KIRREL FYN


Description

Nephrin (NPHS1) is a member of the Super-IgG-Molecule family and is most prominently expressed in kidney podocytes. It is a major if not the most important structural component of the slit diaphragm, a modified adherens junction inbetween these cells. NPHS1 has an extracellular domain that contains eight distal IgG like domains and one proximal fibronectin type III domain, a transmembrane domain and a short intracellular domain. NPHS1 molecules show both homophilic and heterophilic interactions. Among heterophilic interaction partners, slit diaphragm proteins such as Kin of IRRE-like protein 1 (KIRREL, Nephrin-like protein 1, NEPH1), KIRREL3 (NEPH2) and KIRREL2 (NEPH3) were shown to stabilize the slit diaphragm structure. Intracellularly Podocin (NPHS2), CD2 associated protein (CD2AP) and adherins junction associated proteins like IQGAP, MAGI, CASK and spectrins all interact with NPHS1. Hence it seems to play a major role in organizing the molecular structure of the slit diaphragm itself and via its binding partners links it to the actin cytoskeleton. NPHS1 tyrosine phosphorylation by the Src kinase FYN initiates the PI3K-AKT signaling cascade, which seems to promote antiapoptotic signals. View original pathway at:Reactome.

Comments

Reactome-Converter 
Pathway is converted from Reactome ID: 373753
Reactome-version 
Reactome version: 66
Reactome Author 
Reactome Author: de Bono, Bernard, Garapati, Phani Vijay

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Bibliography

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  1. Huber TB, Benzing T.; ''The slit diaphragm: a signaling platform to regulate podocyte function.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  2. Huber TB, Simons M, Hartleben B, Sernetz L, Schmidts M, Gundlach E, Saleem MA, Walz G, Benzing T.; ''Molecular basis of the functional podocin-nephrin complex: mutations in the NPHS2 gene disrupt nephrin targeting to lipid raft microdomains.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  3. Tryggvason K.; ''Unraveling the mechanisms of glomerular ultrafiltration: nephrin, a key component of the slit diaphragm.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  4. Lehtonen S, Ryan JJ, Kudlicka K, Iino N, Zhou H, Farquhar MG.; ''Cell junction-associated proteins IQGAP1, MAGI-2, CASK, spectrins, and alpha-actinin are components of the nephrin multiprotein complex.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  5. Huber TB, Hartleben B, Kim J, Schmidts M, Schermer B, Keil A, Egger L, Lecha RL, Borner C, Pavenstädt H, Shaw AS, Walz G, Benzing T.; ''Nephrin and CD2AP associate with phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase and stimulate AKT-dependent signaling.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  6. Verma R, Kovari I, Soofi A, Nihalani D, Patrie K, Holzman LB.; ''Nephrin ectodomain engagement results in Src kinase activation, nephrin phosphorylation, Nck recruitment, and actin polymerization.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  7. Neumann-Haefelin E, Kramer-Zucker A, Slanchev K, Hartleben B, Noutsou F, Martin K, Wanner N, Ritter A, Gödel M, Pagel P, Fu X, Müller A, Baumeister R, Walz G, Huber TB.; ''A model organism approach: defining the role of Neph proteins as regulators of neuron and kidney morphogenesis.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  8. Rohatgi R, Nollau P, Ho HY, Kirschner MW, Mayer BJ.; ''Nck and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate synergistically activate actin polymerization through the N-WASP-Arp2/3 pathway.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  9. Aaltonen P, Holthöfer H.; ''The nephrin-based slit diaphragm: new insight into the signalling platform identifies targets for therapy.''; PubMed Europe PMC
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  14. Lehtonen S, Lehtonen E, Kudlicka K, Holthöfer H, Farquhar MG.; ''Nephrin forms a complex with adherens junction proteins and CASK in podocytes and in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells expressing nephrin.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  15. Lahdenperä J, Kilpeläinen P, Liu XL, Pikkarainen T, Reponen P, Ruotsalainen V, Tryggvason K.; ''Clustering-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of nephrin by Src family kinases.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  16. Li S, Wang Q, Chakladar A, Bronson RT, Bernards A.; ''Gastric hyperplasia in mice lacking the putative Cdc42 effector IQGAP1.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  17. Li H, Lemay S, Aoudjit L, Kawachi H, Takano T.; ''SRC-family kinase Fyn phosphorylates the cytoplasmic domain of nephrin and modulates its interaction with podocin.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  18. Jones N, Blasutig IM, Eremina V, Ruston JM, Bladt F, Li H, Huang H, Larose L, Li SS, Takano T, Quaggin SE, Pawson T.; ''Nck adaptor proteins link nephrin to the actin cytoskeleton of kidney podocytes.''; PubMed Europe PMC
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  24. Schwarz K, Simons M, Reiser J, Saleem MA, Faul C, Kriz W, Shaw AS, Holzman LB, Mundel P.; ''Podocin, a raft-associated component of the glomerular slit diaphragm, interacts with CD2AP and nephrin.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  25. Tryggvason K, Pikkarainen T, Patrakka J.; ''Nck links nephrin to actin in kidney podocytes.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  26. Gerke P, Sellin L, Kretz O, Petraschka D, Zentgraf H, Benzing T, Walz G.; ''NEPH2 is located at the glomerular slit diaphragm, interacts with nephrin and is cleaved from podocytes by metalloproteinases.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  27. Gerke P, Huber TB, Sellin L, Benzing T, Walz G.; ''Homodimerization and heterodimerization of the glomerular podocyte proteins nephrin and NEPH1.''; PubMed Europe PMC
  28. Liu G, Kaw B, Kurfis J, Rahmanuddin S, Kanwar YS, Chugh SS.; ''Neph1 and nephrin interaction in the slit diaphragm is an important determinant of glomerular permeability.''; PubMed Europe PMC
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  31. Verma R, Wharram B, Kovari I, Kunkel R, Nihalani D, Wary KK, Wiggins RC, Killen P, Holzman LB.; ''Fyn binds to and phosphorylates the kidney slit diaphragm component Nephrin.''; PubMed Europe PMC

History

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CompareRevisionActionTimeUserComment
101459view11:32, 1 November 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 66
100997view21:11, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 65
100533view19:45, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 64
100080view16:30, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 63
99631view15:01, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 62 (2nd attempt)
99237view12:44, 31 October 2018ReactomeTeamreactome version 62
94496view09:02, 14 September 2017Mkutmonreactome version 61
88033view13:34, 25 July 2016RyanmillerOntology Term : 'signaling pathway' added !
86623view09:22, 11 July 2016ReactomeTeamreactome version 56
83128view10:03, 18 November 2015ReactomeTeamVersion54
81468view13:00, 21 August 2015ReactomeTeamVersion53
76942view08:21, 17 July 2014ReactomeTeamFixed remaining interactions
76647view12:01, 16 July 2014ReactomeTeamFixed remaining interactions
75977view10:03, 11 June 2014ReactomeTeamRe-fixing comment source
75680view11:00, 10 June 2014ReactomeTeamReactome 48 Update
75035view13:54, 8 May 2014AnweshaFixing comment source for displaying WikiPathways description
74679view08:44, 30 April 2014ReactomeTeamReactome46
42085view21:55, 4 March 2011MaintBotAutomatic update
39893view05:55, 21 January 2011MaintBotNew pathway

External references

DataNodes

View all...
NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
ADPMetaboliteCHEBI:16761 (ChEBI)
ATPMetaboliteCHEBI:15422 (ChEBI)
Alpha-actinin R-HSA-451402 (Reactome)
CASK ProteinO14936 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CASKProteinO14936 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CD2AP ProteinQ9Y5K6 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
CD2AP:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1ComplexR-HSA-373680 (Reactome)
CD2APProteinQ9Y5K6 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
FYN ProteinP06241 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
FYNProteinP06241 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
IQGAP1 ProteinP46940 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
IQGAP1ProteinP46940 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
KIRREL ProteinQ96J84 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
KIRREL2 ProteinQ6UWL6 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
KIRREL2, KIRREL3ComplexR-HSA-936056 (Reactome)
KIRREL3 ProteinQ8IZU9 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
KIRRELProteinQ96J84 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
MAGI2 ProteinQ86UL8 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
N-WASP ProteinO00401 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
N-WASPProteinO00401 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
NCK1 ProteinP16333 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
NCK1,NCK2ComplexR-HSA-381949 (Reactome)
NCK2 ProteinO43639 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
NEPH1:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NCK:N-WASPComplexR-HSA-532605 (Reactome)
NEPH1:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NCKComplexR-HSA-373677 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRREL2,KIRREL3ComplexR-HSA-451719 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRREL:FYNComplexR-HSA-8981533 (Reactome)
NPHS1 ProteinO60500 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRRELComplexR-HSA-373679 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimerComplexR-HSA-373670 (Reactome)
NPHS1ProteinO60500 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
Nephrin

dimer:adherins junction-associated

proteins
ComplexR-HSA-451387 (Reactome)
Nephrin dimer:CASKComplexR-HSA-373681 (Reactome)
Nephrin dimer:IQGAP1ComplexR-HSA-451398 (Reactome)
PI3K:CD2AP:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1ComplexR-HSA-451720 (Reactome)
PI3KComplexR-HSA-74693 (Reactome)
PIK3CA ProteinP42336 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PIK3CB ProteinP42338 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PIK3R1 ProteinP27986 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
PIK3R2 ProteinO00459 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
Podocin oligomer R-HSA-451771 (Reactome)
Podocin oligomerR-HSA-451771 (Reactome)
Podocin:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1ComplexR-HSA-373691 (Reactome)
SPTAN1 ProteinQ13813 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
SPTBN1 ProteinQ01082 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
adherens

junction-associated

proteins
ComplexR-HSA-451386 (Reactome)
p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1 ProteinO60500 (Uniprot-TrEMBL)
p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1:KIRREL:FYNComplexR-HSA-374555 (Reactome)

Annotated Interactions

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SourceTargetTypeDatabase referenceComment
ADPArrowR-HSA-373747 (Reactome)
ATPR-HSA-373747 (Reactome)
CASKR-HSA-373722 (Reactome)
CD2AP:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1ArrowR-HSA-373727 (Reactome)
CD2AP:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1R-HSA-451758 (Reactome)
CD2APR-HSA-373727 (Reactome)
FYNR-HSA-8981534 (Reactome)
IQGAP1R-HSA-451377 (Reactome)
KIRREL2, KIRREL3R-HSA-451757 (Reactome)
KIRRELR-HSA-373714 (Reactome)
N-WASPR-HSA-532603 (Reactome)
NCK1,NCK2R-HSA-373724 (Reactome)
NEPH1:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NCK:N-WASPArrowR-HSA-532603 (Reactome)
NEPH1:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NCKArrowR-HSA-373724 (Reactome)
NEPH1:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NCKR-HSA-532603 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRREL2,KIRREL3ArrowR-HSA-451757 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRREL:FYNArrowR-HSA-8981534 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRREL:FYNR-HSA-373747 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRREL:FYNmim-catalysisR-HSA-373747 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRRELArrowR-HSA-373714 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRRELR-HSA-373722 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRRELR-HSA-451377 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRRELR-HSA-451403 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimer:KIRRELR-HSA-8981534 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimerArrowR-HSA-373732 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimerR-HSA-373714 (Reactome)
NPHS1 dimerR-HSA-451757 (Reactome)
NPHS1R-HSA-373732 (Reactome)
Nephrin

dimer:adherins junction-associated

proteins
ArrowR-HSA-451403 (Reactome)
Nephrin dimer:CASKArrowR-HSA-373722 (Reactome)
Nephrin dimer:IQGAP1ArrowR-HSA-451377 (Reactome)
PI3K:CD2AP:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1ArrowR-HSA-451758 (Reactome)
PI3KR-HSA-451758 (Reactome)
Podocin oligomerR-HSA-373734 (Reactome)
Podocin:p-Nephrin:Fyn:NEPH1ArrowR-HSA-373734 (Reactome)
R-HSA-373714 (Reactome) Nephrin (NPHS1) forms heterodimers with KIRREL (NEPH1) molecules in a cis-configuration within the slit diaphram (SD). This heterologous protein protein interaction seems to be an important factor in maintaining the normal permeability characteristics of the slit diaphragm by relaying signals from the extracellular side into the podocyte. NPHS1:KIRREL heterodimer formation is highly conserved from C.elegans to human and serves different functions in different species and different tissues.
R-HSA-373722 (Reactome) CASK is a scaffolding protein that participates in maintenance of polarized epithelial cell architecture by linking membrane proteins and signaling molecules to the actin cytoskeleton. CASK is identified as one of the binding partners of nephrin and this interaction likely plays an important role in establishing the structural integrity and functional properties of the glomerular slit diaphragm.
R-HSA-373724 (Reactome) Nephrin tyrosine phosphorylation regulates podocyte cell morphology via NCK adaptor proteins. NCK via its SH2 domain interacts with the three phosphotyrosines (1176, 1193 and 1217) on nephrin, and through its SH3 domain can recruit several other proteins involved in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton such as N WASP, WIP, ARP2/3 and PAK to the slit diaphragm. The importance of this mechanism is the maintenance of the filtration barrier. When rapid actin polymerization and cytoskeletal reorganization is needed, for example during development or injury and repair, the level of nephrin phosphorylation increases and leads to recruitment of NCK and its downstream effectors to the cytoplasmic side of the slit diaphragm.
R-HSA-373727 (Reactome) CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is an adapter molecule of the immunoglobulin superfamily that was first identified as an SH3-containing protein that binds to the cytoplasmic domain of CD2. In the glomerulus, CD2AP is located in the cytoplasm beneath the slit-diaphragm, where it binds to the cytoplasmic domain of nephrin. CD2AP acts as a linker protein and may be involved in connecting nephrin to the actin cytoskeleton in podocytes, although direct evidence of this is still lacking. Interaction with CD2AP might be important in the steady-state situation. In addition CD2AP can facilitate nephrin-induced PI3K-AKT signaling, a pathway that has been shown to be important for nephrin-mediated actin reorganization in podocytes and protection of podocytes from apoptosis.
R-HSA-373732 (Reactome) Foot processes are slender, actin rich protrusions of the cytoplasm that are anchored to the glomerular basement membrane. Adjacent foot processes are laterally interconnected by a highly specialized cell-cell junction, the slit diaphragm (SD). Nephrin (NPHS1) is the critical structural component within the slit diaphragm. Nephrin molecules of adjacent foot processes from neighboring podocytes interact with each other in the middle of the slit diaphragm forming a filter with a zipper like structure and with pores just the size of albumin on both sides of the midline density.
R-HSA-373734 (Reactome) NPHS2 encodes podocin, a protein exclusively expressed in podocytes in developing and mature glomeruli. Podocin is a member of the stomatin protein family with a short N terminal domain, a membrane-anchoring region, and a cytosolic C-terminal domain. Podocin accumulates in an oligomeric form in lipid rafts of the slit diaphragm. The C-terminal domain of Podocin binds to the cytoplasmic domain of nephrin thus it may function as a scaffolding protein connecting nephrin with the actin cytoskeleton. Beside nephrin it was shown that podocin also interacts with several other SD proteins, hence forming functional microdomains
R-HSA-373747 (Reactome) Nephrin has eight putative phosphorylation sites, which nicely match with substrate sites for the Src kinase family. Nephrin, is tyrosine phosphorylated by the Src family tyrosine kinase, Fyn in developing and injured podocytes. Phosphorylation of three of these tyrosines (1176, 1193 and 1217) results in the formation of a preferred binding motif (YDXV) for the SH2 domain of the adaptor protein NCK, which is one of the bricks linking Nephrin to the cytoskeleton. Phosphorylation of tyrosine 1158 results in a binding motif for the p85 regulatory subunit of PI3K.
R-HSA-451377 (Reactome) IQGAP1, an effector protein of the small GTPases Rac1 and Cdc42 and a putative regulator of cell-cell adherens junctions, is expressed in podocytes at significant levels, and located in the immediate vicinity of the slit diaphragm. IQGAP1 is identified as one of the interacting partners of nephrin. This interaction takes place strictly and specifically between the C-terminal half of the nephrin intracellular domain and IQGAP1. IQGAP1 knock-out mouse does not have any obvious nephrotic phenotype, hence IQGAP1 function can either be substituted by other proteins or its role in vivo is much less important than that attributed to it from cell culture experiments.
R-HSA-451403 (Reactome) The nephrin-slit diaphragm protein complex contains a group of scaffolding proteins that function to connect junctional membrane proteins to the actin cytoskeleton and signaling cascades. By mass spectrometry four of the proteins identified, alphaII spectrin, betaII spectrin, alpha-actinin, and IQGAP1, represent adherens junction-associated proteins, and two, MAGI-2/S-SCAM and CASK, represent MAGUK family scaffolding proteins that associate with Ig superfamily proteins. The presence of these proteins in slit diaphragms and their association with nephrin suggests that they may form a scaffolding protein complex in the podocyte slit diaphragm and thus contribute to the regulation of ultrafiltration by binding slit membrane proteins and establishing their cytosolic connections.
R-HSA-451757 (Reactome) NEPH2 and NEPH3 specifically interact with the extracellular domains of nephrin in the slit diaphragm of podocytes and potentially other tissues as well (eg. brain). The functional significance of these interactions is unknown.
R-HSA-451758 (Reactome) The regulatory p85 subunit of PI3K recognizes and binds to both phosphorylated nephrin and its binding partner, CD2AP. By mutation analysis, nephrin Y1158 was shown to be necessary for the interaction. This interaction allows the catalytic subunit p110 to act on phospholipids of the inner leaflet of the cell membrane. This leads to downstream phosphorylation and inactivation of the apoptotic factor Bad via the serine-threonine kinase AKT.
R-HSA-532603 (Reactome) The NCK adaptor protein binds to a proline rich region on WASP and N-WASP through its SH3 domains and has been implicated in the recruitment of WASP/N-WASP to sites of tyrosine phosphorylation. NCK stimulates actin nucleation by N WASP:Arp2/3 complexes. Recruitment of NCK to phosphorylated YDxV sites on nephrin could therefore directly control the cytoskeletal actin architecture of podocytes.
R-HSA-8981534 (Reactome) Nephrin (NPHS1) is tyrosine phosphorylated by the Src family tyrosine kinase FYN in developing and injured podocytes. Phosphorylation of three tyrosines (1176, 1193 and 1217) results in the formation of a preferred binding motif (YDXV) for the SH2 domain of the adaptor protein NCK, which links Nephrin to the cytoskeleton. Phosphorylation of NPHS1 tyrosine 1158 results in a binding motif for the p85 regulatory subunit of PI3K.
adherens

junction-associated

proteins
R-HSA-451403 (Reactome)
p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1:KIRREL:FYNArrowR-HSA-373747 (Reactome)
p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1:KIRREL:FYNR-HSA-373724 (Reactome)
p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1:KIRREL:FYNR-HSA-373727 (Reactome)
p-Y1158,Y1176,Y1193,Y1217-NPHS1:KIRREL:FYNR-HSA-373734 (Reactome)
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