Spinal Cord Injury (Homo sapiens)

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Description

This pathway provides an overview of cell types, therapeutic targets, drugs, new proposed targets and pathways implicated in spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injury is a complex multistep process that involves the regulation of gene expression and signaling in motor neurons, oligodentrocytes, microglia, and astrocytes that trigger immediate immune responses lasting several weeks. Within 24 hours, chemoattractants and cytokines released from the site of injury activate neutrophils which further recruit B and T cells or recruit monocytes that ultimately result in infiltration and activation by microglia and macrophages. These immune responses result in inflammation, excitotoxicity, cell death, formation of glial scar, and suppression of axonal regeneration. An increase in the expression of cell cycle genes further results in proliferation of astrocytes and microglia that leads to apoptosis and necrosis of oligodentrocytes and neurons. An example therapy is the administration of the immunosuppressant FK506, also used in transplantation to offer neuroprotection.

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Ontology Terms

 

Bibliography

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History

View all...
CompareRevisionActionTimeUserComment
87678view08:55, 25 July 2016LindarieswijkOntology Term : 'disease pathway' added !
84650view22:21, 10 March 2016Khanspersupdated mmp12 xref
80343view18:15, 9 June 2015Khanspersupdated color and type for MIR23B
79963view13:55, 28 April 2015Zaricorected annotation PTGS2 from chimpanzee to human, annotated Ros
79931view12:14, 27 April 2015EveloRenamed IL8 with the new official HGNC name CXCL8
78556view10:31, 7 January 2015MaintBotadded missing graphIds
76332view08:13, 2 July 2014MkutmonFixed annotation for C5
74098view22:56, 29 March 2014Ariuttaupdate arrowhead
69988view22:03, 11 July 2013MaintBotupdating to 2013 schema
59143view00:06, 22 February 2013DMicaelSpecify description
59080view21:55, 21 February 2013MaintBotUpdated Ensembl data source
58412view22:54, 12 February 2013NsalomonisSpecify description
58411view22:50, 12 February 2013DMicaelSpecify description
58410view22:46, 12 February 2013NsalomonisSpecify description
58380view21:35, 12 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58378view21:15, 12 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58373view20:23, 12 February 2013DMicaelSpecify description
58370view19:52, 12 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58349view16:11, 12 February 2013NsalomonisSpecify description
58322view04:15, 12 February 2013NsalomonisSpecify description
58321view04:14, 12 February 2013NsalomonisSpecify description
58317view23:46, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58315view23:15, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58313view23:05, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58309view22:33, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58305view22:02, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58304view21:42, 11 February 2013DMicaelSpecify description
58303view21:40, 11 February 2013DMicaelSpecify description
58302view21:39, 11 February 2013DMicaelSpecify description
58301view21:32, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58297view21:02, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58296view20:42, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58293view20:32, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
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58288view20:01, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
58287view19:51, 11 February 2013DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
57006view14:04, 19 January 2013EgonwCorrected to the correct PubChem-compound data source.
56064view04:05, 1 January 2013NsalomonisModified description
55915view23:04, 27 December 2012MaintBotModified categories
55910view20:55, 27 December 2012DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
55909view20:34, 27 December 2012DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
55908view20:24, 27 December 2012DMicaelPeriodical save, work in progress
55907view19:42, 27 December 2012DMicaelModified description
55906view18:51, 27 December 2012DMicaelOntology Term : 'traumatic neurosis' added !
55905view18:51, 27 December 2012DMicaelOntology Term : 'spinal cord disease' added !
55904view18:50, 27 December 2012DMicaelOntology Term : 'astrocyte of the spinal cord' added !
55903view18:39, 27 December 2012DMicaelNew pathway

External references

Datanodes

View all...
NameTypeDatabase referenceComment
2-MethoxyestradiolMetabolite66414 (PubChem-compound)
ACANGeneProductENSG00000157766 (Ensembl)
AIF1GeneProduct199 (Entrez Gene)
ANXA1GeneProductENSG00000135046 (Ensembl)
APEX1GeneProductENSG00000100823 (Ensembl)
AQP1GeneProductENSG00000240583 (Ensembl)
AQP4GeneProductENSG00000171885 (Ensembl)
ARG1GeneProductENSG00000118520 (Ensembl)
Arachidonic acidMetaboliteHMDB01043 (HMDB)
BCANGeneProductENSG00000132692 (Ensembl)
BDNFGeneProductENSG00000176697 (Ensembl)
BTG2GeneProductENSG00000159388 (Ensembl)
C1QBGeneProductENSG00000173369 (Ensembl)
C5GeneProductENSG00000106804 (Ensembl)
CASP3GeneProductENSG00000164305 (Ensembl)
CCL2GeneProductENSG00000108691 (Ensembl)
CCND1GeneProductENSG00000110092 (Ensembl)
CCNG1GeneProductENSG00000113328 (Ensembl)
CCR2GeneProductENSG00000121807 (Ensembl)
CD47GeneProductENSG00000196776 (Ensembl)
CDC42GeneProductENSG00000070831 (Ensembl)
CDK1GeneProductENSG00000170312 (Ensembl)
CDK2GeneProductENSG00000123374 (Ensembl)
CDK4GeneProductENSG00000135446 (Ensembl)
CDKN1BGeneProductENSG00000111276 (Ensembl)
CHST11GeneProductENSG00000171310 (Ensembl)
COL2A1GeneProductENSG00000139219 (Ensembl)
COL4A1GeneProductENSG00000187498 (Ensembl)
CSPG4GeneProductENSG00000173546 (Ensembl)
CXCL10GeneProductENSG00000169245 (Ensembl)
CXCL1GeneProductENSG00000163739 (Ensembl)
CXCL2GeneProductENSG00000081041 (Ensembl)
CXCL8GeneProductENSG00000169429 (Ensembl)
E2F1GeneProductENSG00000101412 (Ensembl)
E2F5GeneProductENSG00000133740 (Ensembl)
EGFRGeneProductENSG00000146648 (Ensembl)
EGR1GeneProductENSG00000120738 (Ensembl)
EPHA4GeneProductENSG00000116106 (Ensembl)
EPHNB2GeneProductENSG00000125266 (Ensembl)
FBRGeneProduct
FCGR2AGeneProductENSG00000143226 (Ensembl)
FECHP1GeneProductENSG00000235534 (Ensembl)
FK506Metabolite104987-11-3 (CAS)
FKBP1AGeneProductENSG00000088832 (Ensembl)
FOSGeneProductENSG00000170345 (Ensembl)
FOXO3GeneProductENSG00000118689 (Ensembl)
GADD45AGeneProductENSG00000116717 (Ensembl)
GAP43GeneProductENSG00000172020 (Ensembl)
GDNFGeneProductENSG00000168621 (Ensembl)
GFAPGeneProductENSG00000131095 (Ensembl)
GJA1GeneProductENSG00000152661 (Ensembl)
GRIN1GeneProductENSG00000176884 (Ensembl)
ICAM1GeneProductENSG00000090339 (Ensembl)
IFNGGeneProductENSG00000111537 (Ensembl)
IL1AGeneProduct3552 (Entrez Gene)
IL1BGeneProductENSG00000125538 (Ensembl)
IL1R1GeneProductENSG00000115594 (Ensembl)
IL2GeneProductENSG00000109471 (Ensembl)
IL4GeneProductENSG00000113520 (Ensembl)
IL6GeneProductENSG00000136244 (Ensembl)
KLK8GeneProductENSG00000129455 (Ensembl)
LEPGeneProductENSG00000174697 (Ensembl)
LGALS3GeneProductENSG00000131981 (Ensembl)
LILRB3GeneProductENSG00000204577 (Ensembl)
LTB4Metabolite169 (PubChem-compound)
LTB4RGeneProductENSG00000213903 (Ensembl)
LTBGeneProductENSG00000227507 (Ensembl)
MAGGeneProductENSG00000105695 (Ensembl)
MAPK1GeneProductENSG00000100030 (Ensembl)
MAPK3GeneProductENSG00000102882 (Ensembl)
MBPGeneProductENSG00000197971 (Ensembl)
MIFGeneProductENSG00000240972 (Ensembl)
MIR23BRnaENSG00000207563 (Ensembl)
MMP12GeneProductENSG00000262406 (Ensembl)
MMP9GeneProductENSG00000100985 (Ensembl)
MYCGeneProductENSG00000136997 (Ensembl)
NCANGeneProductENSG00000130287 (Ensembl)
NGFRGeneProductENSG00000064300 (Ensembl)
NOMetabolite145068 (PubChem-compound)
NOS1GeneProductENSG00000089250 (Ensembl)
NOS2GeneProductENSG00000007171 (Ensembl)
NOX4GeneProductENSG00000086991 (Ensembl)
NR4A1GeneProductENSG00000123358 (Ensembl)
NTN1GeneProductENSG00000065320 (Ensembl)
OMGGeneProductENSG00000126861 (Ensembl)
OlomoucineMetaboliteHMDB35233 (HMDB)
PD 168393Metabolite4708 (PubChem-compound)
PDYNGeneProductENSG00000101327 (Ensembl)
PGH2MetaboliteHMDB01381 (HMDB)
PLA2G2AGeneProductENSG00000188257 (Ensembl)
PLA2G5GeneProductENSG00000127472 (Ensembl)
PLA2G6GeneProductENSG00000184381 (Ensembl)
PLXNA2GeneProductENSG00000076356 (Ensembl)
PPP3CAGeneProductENSG00000138814 (Ensembl)
PRB1GeneProductENSG00000251655 (Ensembl)
PRKCAGeneProductENSG00000154229 (Ensembl)
PTGS2GeneProduct5743 (Entrez Gene)
PTPRAGeneProductENSG00000132670 (Ensembl)
PTPRZ1GeneProductENSG00000106278 (Ensembl)
RAC1GeneProductENSG00000136238 (Ensembl)
RB1GeneProductENSG00000139687 (Ensembl)
RGMAGeneProductENSG00000182175 (Ensembl)
RHOAGeneProductENSG00000067560 (Ensembl)
RHOBGeneProductENSG00000143878 (Ensembl)
RHOCGeneProductENSG00000155366 (Ensembl)
ROCK2GeneProductENSG00000134318 (Ensembl)
ROSGeneProduct6098 (Entrez Gene)
RTN4GeneProductENSG00000115310 (Ensembl)
RTN4RGeneProductENSG00000040608 (Ensembl)
SELPGeneProductENSG00000174175 (Ensembl)
SEMA6AGeneProductENSG00000092421 (Ensembl)
SLIT1GeneProductENSG00000187122 (Ensembl)
SLIT2GeneProductENSG00000145147 (Ensembl)
SLIT3GeneProductENSG00000184347 (Ensembl)
SOX9GeneProductENSG00000125398 (Ensembl)
TACR1GeneProductENSG00000115353 (Ensembl)
TGFB1GeneProductENSG00000105329 (Ensembl)
TLR4GeneProductENSG00000136869 (Ensembl)
TNFGeneProductENSG00000232810 (Ensembl)
TNFSF13BGeneProductENSG00000102524 (Ensembl)
TNFSF13GeneProductENSG00000161955 (Ensembl)
TP53GeneProductENSG00000141510 (Ensembl)
VCANGeneProductENSG00000038427 (Ensembl)
VIMGeneProductENSG00000026025 (Ensembl)
XYLT1GeneProductENSG00000103489 (Ensembl)
ZFP36GeneProductENSG00000128016 (Ensembl)
melittinMetabolite16133648 (PubChem-compound)

Annotated Interactions

No annotated interactions

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